NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Working Papers and Publications by Andrew J. Wang

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Working Papers and Chapters and Reporter Articles

May 2017The Effects of Scientists and Engineers on Productivity and Earnings at the Establishments Where They Work
with Erling Barth, James C. Davis, Richard B. Freeman
in U.S. Engineering in the Global Economy, Richard B. Freeman and Hal Salzman, editors
This paper uses linked establishment-firm-employee data to examine the relationship between the scientists and engineers proportion (SEP) of employment, and productivity and labor earnings. We show that: (1) most scientists and engineers in industry are employed in establishments producing goods or services, and do not perform research and development (R&D); (2) productivity is higher in manufacturing establishments with higher SEP, and increases with increases in SEP; (3) employee earnings are higher in manufacturing establishments with higher SEP, and increase substantially for employees who move to establishments with higher SEP, but only modestly for employees within an establishment when SEP increases in the establishment. The results suggest that the work of scientists and engineers ...
January 2003Universities, Joint Ventures, and Success in the Advanced Technology Program
with Michael R. Darby, Lynne G. Zucker: w9463
America's most innovative firms participate in the U.S. Commerce Department's Advanced Technology Program (ATP) those that participated at least once accounted for over 40 percent of U.S. patents to U.S. entities during 1988-1996. Many firms are repeat participants. ATP participation has significant and robust effects on innovation in firms, generally increasing firms' patenting during the time they are receiving ATP support, when compared to patenting by the same firms prior to and after the ATP award. ATP participation increases firms' patenting on average by between 5 and 30 patents per year during the period of ATP participation. This represents a 4 to 25 percent increase in firms' patenting compared to the period before ATP participation. Furthermore, joint-venture (JV) project part...

Published: Michael R. Darby, Lynne G. Zucker, and Andrew Wang, “Joint Ventures, Universities, and Success in the Advanced Technology Program,Contemporary Economic Policy, April 2004, 22(2): 145-161. http://cep.oupjournals.org/cgi/reprint/22/2/145.pdf

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