NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Publications by Georgia C. Villaflor

Contact and additional information for this authorAll publicationsWorking Papers only

Working Papers and Chapters

January 1992The Market for Manufacturing Workers during Early Industrialization: The American Northeast, 1820 to 1860
with Kenneth L. Sokoloff
in Strategic Factors in Nineteenth Century American Economic History: A Volume to Honor Robert W. Fogel, Claudia Goldin and Hugh Rockoff, editors
November 1985The Antebellum "Surge" in Skill Differentials One More Time: New Evidence
with Robert A. Margo: w1758
Changes in the skill differential are often used by economic historians to proxy changes in income inequality. According to Jeffrey Williamson and Peter Lindert, American skill differentials rose sharply between 1820 and 1860, which they interpret as increasing income inequality. Using a large, new sample of wage rates drawn from military records, we find no evidence of an aggregate "surge" in antebellum skill differentials. We do find, however, that skill differentials on the frontier rose relative to levels in settled areas. We show how a reduction in the costs of migrating from old to new regions can explain this finding.
July 1979Colonial and Revolutionary Muster Rolls: Some New Evidence on Nutrition and Migration in Early America
with Kenneth L. Sokoloff: w0374
That investment in human capital has made an important contribution to the increase of labor productivity and per capita income during the last several centuries is widely acknowledged. While much of the research on this issue has focused on education, many scholars have also directed attention to the significance of improvements in nutrition. Until recently, efforts to study this subject have been hampered by a lack of evidence, but it now appears possible to construct indexes of nutrition from height-by-age data. This paper employs a relatively underutilized type of historical document to investigate the level of nutrition in early America. The same material also provides a rich source of information about patterns of migration during this period. This paper finds that native-born Americ...

Contact and additional information for this authorAll publicationsWorking Papers only

 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us