NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
loading...

The End of Free College in England: Implications for Quality, Enrolments, and Equity

Richard Murphy, Judith Scott-Clayton, Gillian Wyness

NBER Working Paper No. 23888
Issued in September 2017, Revised in February 2018
NBER Program(s):Economics of Education

Despite increasing financial pressures on higher education systems throughout the world, many governments remain resolutely opposed to the introduction of tuition fees, and some countries and states where tuition fees have been long established are now reconsidering free higher education. This paper examines the consequences of charging tuition fees on university quality, enrolments, and equity. To do so, we study the English higher education system which has, in just two decades, moved from a free college system to one in which tuition fees are among the highest in the world. Our findings suggest that England’s shift has resulted in increased funding per head, rising enrolments, and a narrowing of the participation gap between advantaged and disadvantaged students. In contrast to other systems with high tuition fees, the English system is distinct in that its income-contingent loan system keeps university free at the point of entry, and provides students with comparatively generous assistance for living expenses. We conclude that tuition fees, at least in the English case supported their goals of increasing quality, quantity, and equity in higher education.

download in pdf format
   (342 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w23888

Published: Richard Murphy & Judith Scott-Clayton & Gill Wyness, 2018. "The end of free college in England: Implications for enrolments, equity, and quality," Economics of Education Review, .

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Dobbie and Song w23545 Targeted Debt Relief and the Origins of Financial Distress: Experimental Evidence from Distressed Credit Card Borrowers
Ólafsdóttir, Ásgeirsdóttir, and Norton w23649 Valuing Pain using the Subjective Well-being Method
Heckman, Humphries, and Veramendi w23896 The Non-Market Benefits of Education and Ability
Hulten w24141 The Importance of Education and Skill Development for Economic Growth in the Information Era
Nakamura, Sigurdsson, and Steinsson w22392 The Gift of Moving: Intergenerational Consequences of a Mobility Shock
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us