Sign up for journalist access
Free Downloads of Working Papers for Journalists
Staff of news media worldwide may download the full text of working papers free. This includes freelance journalists writing on economics and finance. The NBER does not provide free access to economic and finance professionals with part-time journalistic sidelines, investment advisory services, and by-subscription financial newsletters. To enjoy unlimited free downloads, please complete the form below.
If you are on a deadline and have any download problems, call the NBER Public Information staff at 617 588-0316 during regular business hours.
Permission to reprint
NBER periodicals are not copyrighted, and journalists may quote from them freely with attribution to the National Bureau of Economic Research. Copyright in NBER books is held by the NBER and copyright in working papers is held by the authors. Fair use doctrine permits brief quotation with attribution without prior permission from copyright holders for purposes of commentary, news reporting, research, and scholarship.