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AN NBER PUBLICATION ISSUE: No. 10, October 2006

The Digest

A free monthly publication featuring non-technical summaries of research on topics of broad public interest
The introduction of Fox News had a small but statistically significant effect on the vote share in Presidential elections between 1996 and 2000. Does media bias affect voting? Over 70 percent of Americans believe that there is either a great deal or a fair amount of media bias in news coverage. Evidence of bias ranges from the topic choices of the New York Times to the choice of think tanks to which the media refer in their broadcasts. In The Fox News Effect: Media...

Research Summaries

Article
The economy has a significant impact on the outcome of elections. However, it is not known whether elections affect the economy. Some observers maintain that candidates and parties tend to converge to the same economic policies - those of the median voter - so that who wins an election is inconsequential to the economy. Others believe that political parties promote discrete economic expectations, and that the election of a Democrat or a Republican candidate for president...
Article
Among economists, there has been general dissatisfaction with existing international data on income inequality. The data are difficult to compare over time or across countries, and cover only a few isolated years per country, generally being restricted to the post-1970 or post-1980 period. They almost never offer any decomposition of income inequality into its labor income and capital income components. Yet economic mechanisms can be very different for the distribution of...
Article
Sustained growth in income generally has been associated with improvements in health, but all growth may not be equally healthy. In A Healthy Economy Can Break Your Heart (NBER Working Paper No. 12102), author Christopher Ruhm shows that transitory upturns, those involving more intensive use of existing labor and changes in environmental conditions, may be associated with increased mortality from heart attacks. A single percentage point reduction in unemployment...
Article
Do economic sanctions levied by one nation against another for political purposes work? In An Elephant in the Garden: The Allies, Spain and Oil in World War II (NBER Working Paper No. 12228), researchers Leonard Caruana and Hugh Rockoff study records documenting the Allies' control of Spain's oil imports during World War II and find instructive answers. Franco was forced to seek accommodation with the Allies, and in return for an allotment of oil that amounted to about...
Article
If you provide very generous unemployment insurance, you may end up with more long-term unemployment. That's what economists Peter Kuhn and Chris Riddell find when they compare the long-term impact of a highly generous unemployment insurance (UI) program in the Canadian province of New Brunswick with the more modest UI program in the neighboring state of Maine. In Maine's northernmost countries, about 6.1 percent of employed men worked fewer than 26 weeks (half a year) in...

New Books

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Explore More Reporter Books

    Article
    Over the past 25 years, the gender pay gap has narrowed dramatically in the United States. In our recent research, we analyze the sources of the relative wage gains for women in the United States, and we study the determinants of gender differences in pay using international comparisons of the gender gap. Trends over the 1980s and 1990s in the United States After a long period of constancy at about 60 percent, the gender pay ratio in the United States started to...

Recent Conferences & Meetings

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No html, only pdf: http://www.nber.org/reporter/reporter_archive/Fall 1988.pdf
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No html, only pdf: http://www.nber.org/reporter/reporter_archive/Fall 1988.pdf
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No html, only pdf: http://www.nber.org/reporter/reporter_archive/Fall 1988.pdf
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No html, only pdf: http://www.nber.org/reporter/reporter_archive/Fall 1988.pdf
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No html, only pdf: http://www.nber.org/reporter/reporter_archive/Fall 1988.pdf
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No html, only pdf: http://www.nber.org/reporter/reporter_archive/Fall 1988.pdf

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