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AN NBER PUBLICATION ISSUE: No. 1, March 2022

The Bulletin on Health

The Bulletin on Health summarizes recent NBER Working Papers pertaining to health topics. It is distributed digitally three times a year and is free.
Working paper figure w29328
In 2019, Americans with a four-year college degree had six years greater life expectancy at age 25 than those without a degree. These educational differences in mortality have been growing in recent decades and are apparent across demographic groups. In Mortality Rates by College Degree before and during COVID-19 (NBER Working Paper 29328), Anne Case and Angus Deaton explore the evolution of these differences during the pandemic. If every American faced an equal...

Research Summaries

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Article
An estimated 646,514 excess deaths occurred in the United States during the first 12 months of the COVID-19 pandemic. This was a 22 percent increase over the number of deaths that would have been expected if the pandemic had not occurred. Among these excess fatalities, an estimated 83 percent were directly attributable to COVID-19, while others were from causes ranging from strokes to homicides. These new estimates of the mortality consequences of the pandemic are...
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Article
Almost all US states have implemented an electronic prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) over the past 25 years in an effort to mitigate the risks of prescription drug abuse. Providers, pharmacists, and law enforcement can query these web-based databases, which track prescriptions of controlled substances within each state. PDMPs facilitate identification of potential misuse by patients and excessive prescribing by providers. Kentucky introduced the first...
Article
Melissa McInerney is a research associate in the NBER’s program on the Economics of Aging and a professor of economics at Tufts University. McInerney’s research analyzes a variety of social insurance programs, including workers’ compensation, Medicaid, and Medicare. Much of her recent work has focused on the effects of the Affordable Care Act’s Medicaid expansions. For example, she has considered how Medicaid expansions directly affected health care and health outcomes...
Article
Trends in Mortality Rates among Medicare Enrollees with Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias before and during the Early Phase of the COVID-19 Pandemic Gilstrap L, Zhou W, Alsan M, Nanda A, Skinner JS. JAMA Neurology, February 2022. This retrospective cross-sectional study examined deaths among elderly Medicare beneficiaries with and without Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (ADRD), living in the community versus nursing homes. Data were from 53,640,888...

The Bulletin on Health summarizes selected recent NBER Working Papers. It is distributed digitally to economists and other interested persons for informational and discussion purposes. The Bulletin is not copyrighted and may be reproduced freely with attribution of source.

Prior to creation of the Bulletin on Health, the NBER published the Bulletin on Aging and Health

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