AN NBER PUBLICATION ISSUE: No. 1, March 2004

The Bulletin on Aging & Health

The multistage process for determining eligibility for Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) benefits has come under scrutiny for the length of time the process can take - 1153 days to move through the entire appeals process, according to a recent Social Security Administration (SSA) analysis - and for inconsistencies that suggest a potentially high rate of errors. One inconsistency is the high reversal rate during the appeals process - for example, administrative law...

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Article
In 2002, 5 million Medicare beneficiaries, or 12% of the Medicare population, were enrolled in the Medicare+Choice (M+C) program. Under M+C, beneficiaries forgo the traditional fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare insurance program and enroll in a qualified HMO, which often provides benefits not covered by FFS Medicare, such as prescription drugs, eye care, or dental care. Medicare HMOs may become even more popular in the future, as the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and...
Article
Half of all mothers of infants in the US work outside of the home, with most of them returning to work by the third month. Recent research suggests that longer maternity leaves may benefit infant health and development - children whose mothers take longer leaves have been found to have lower mortality rates and higher test scores. Yet little is known about the effect of longer maternity leaves on the physical and mental health of mothers. This question is of definite...

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