Department of Economics
Northwestern University
Evanston, IL 60208-2600
(847) 491-3491

Birthdate: January 25, 1955
Canadian citizen; Permanent Resident


UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN ONTARIO, London, Canada, Departments of Mathematics and Economics, 1972-76, Honours B.A. May 1976.

PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton, New Jersey, Department of Economics, 1976-80, Ph.D. June 1981.
Ph.D. dissertation: On the Enforcement of a Dynamic Cartel
Thesis Committee: Richard E. Quandt (Chairman), Edward J. Green, Joseph E. Stiglitz.



U.W.O. Gold Medal for Economics and Mathematics, 1976.
Postdoctoral Fellowship at Bell Laboratories, 1982-83.
Fellow of the Econometric Society, elected 1989.
Fisher-Schultz Lecture, Econometric Society European Meetings, Brussels, 1992.


Department of Economics, Northwestern University, 1988 - present.
Graduate Courses: Industrial Organization
Undergraduate Courses: Econometrics, Environmental and Natural Resource Economics, Industrial Organization, Game Theory



  1. "Determinants of the Rate of Subdivision Development" (with Gordon W. Davies), Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 8, No. 3, November 1980; 273-82.

  2. "Optimal Cartel Trigger Price Strategies," Journal of Economic Theory, Vol. 29, No. 2, April 1983; 313-38.

  3. "On the Rationality of Buying from a Price Predator," Economics Letters, Vol. 11, No. 3, 1983; 385-9.

  4. "A Study of Cartel Stability: The Joint Executive Committee, 1880-1886," Bell Journal of Economics, Vol. 15, No. 2, Autumn 1983; 301-14. Also in Cournot Oligopoly: Characterizations and Applications, edited by A. Daughety, 1988, Cambridge University Press: New York; 402-20.

  5. "Noncooperative Collusion Under Imperfect Price Information" (with Edward J. Green), Econometrica, Vol. 52, No. 1, January 1984; 87-100. Also in Industrial Organization, edited by A. Sen, 1996, Oxford University Press: Delhi; 293-312.

  6. "Switching Regression Models with Imperfect Sample Separation Information- with an Application on Cartel Stability" (with Lung-Fei Lee), Econometrica, Vol. 52, No. 2, March 1984; 391-18.

  7. "Tariff Policies in a Small Open Spatial Economy," Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 17, No. 2, May 1984; 270-82.

  8. "Oligopoly and the Incentive for Horizontal Merger" (with Martin K. Perry), American Economic Review, Vol. 75, No. 1, March 1985; 219-27.

  9. "On the Incidence and Duration of Price Wars," Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 33, No. 4, June 1985; 415-26. Also in Oligopoly, Competition and Welfare, edited by P. Geroski, L. Phlips and A. Ulph, 1985, Basil Blackwell: Oxford; 47-58.

  10. "The Impact of Government Policy on the U.S. Cigarette Industry," in Empirical Approaches to Consumer Protection Economics, edited by P. Ippolito and D. Scheffman, 1986, Federal Trade Commission: Washington; 447-81.

  11. "A Note on Tacit Collusion Under Demand Uncertainty," Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 19, No. 3, August 1986; 587-9.

  12. "Information and Returns in OCS Auctions, 1954-1969" (with Kenneth Hendricks and Bryan Boudreau), Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 35, No. 4, June 1987; 517-42. Also in The Empirical Renaissance in Industrial Economics, edited by T. Bresnahan and R. Schmalensee, 1987, Basil Blackwell: Oxford; 147-72.

  13. "An Empirical Study of an Auction with Asymmetric Information" (with Kenneth Hendricks), American Economic Review, Vol. 78, No. 5, December 1988; 865-83.

  14. "Random Reservation Prices and Bidding Behavior in OCS Drainage Auctions" (with Kenneth Hendricks and Richard H. Spady), Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 32, No. 2, Pt. 2, October 1989; S83-S106.

  15. "Collusion in Auctions" (with Kenneth Hendricks), Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, No. 15/16, July - December 1989; 217-30.

  16. "Can Resale Price Maintenance or Franchise Fees Correct Sub-Optimal Levels of Retail Service?" (with Martin K. Perry), International Journal of Industrial Organization, Vol. 8, No. 1, March 1990; 115-41.

  17. "A Review Essay on the Handbook of Industrial Organization," Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 29, No. 2, June 1991; 553-72.

  18. "Joint Bidding in Federal OCS Auctions" (with Kenneth Hendricks), American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, Vol. 82, No. 2, May 1992; 506-11.

  19. "Bidding Behavior in OCS Drainage Auctions: Theory and Evidence" (with Kenneth Hendricks), European Economic Review, Vol. 37, No. 2-3, April 1993; 320-8.

  20. "Optimal Selling Strategies for Oil and Gas Leases with an Informed Buyer" (with Kenneth Hendricks and Guofu Tan), American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, Vol. 83, No. 2, May 1993; 234-9.

  21. "Detection of Bid Rigging in Procurement Auctions" (with J. Douglas Zona), Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 101, No. 3, June 1993; 518-38.

  22. "Recent Developments in Empirical Industrial Organization," Journal of Economic Education, Vol. 25, No. 2, Spring 1994; 149-61.

  23. "Auctions for Oil and Gas Leases with an Informed Bidder and a Random Reservation Price" (with Kenneth Hendricks and Charles A. Wilson), Econometrica, Vol. 62, No. 6, November 1994; 1415-44.

  24. "The Role of Information in U.S. Offshore Oil and Gas Lease Auctions," Econometrica, Vol. 63, No. 1, January 1995; 1-27.

  25. "Detecting Collusion Among Firms," in 1995 Industry Economics Conference: Papers and Proceedings, Bureau of Industry Economics Report 95/23, Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra, November 1995; 1-13.

  26. "The Effect of Public Capital in State-Level Production Functions Reconsidered" (with Teresa Garcia-Mila and Therese J. McGuire), Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 78, No. 1, February 1996; 177-80.

  27. "The Timing and Incidence of Exploratory Drilling on Offshore Wildcat Tracts" (with Kenneth Hendricks), American Economic Review, Vol. 86, No. 3, June 1996; 388-407.

  28. "Joint Bidding and Entry in Federal Offshore Oil and Gas Lease Auctions" (with Kenneth Hendricks), mimeo, September 1996.

  29. "Ohio School Milk Markets: An Analysis of Bidding," (with J. Douglas Zona), mimeo, September 1996.


  1. "Guidelines for Submission of Manuscripts on Experimental Economics" (with Thomas R. Palfrey), Econometrica, Vol. 59, No. 4, July 1991; 1197-8. Also in Experimental Methods: A Primer for Economists, Daniel Friedman and Shyam Sunder, 1994, Cambridge University Press: New York; 205-6.

  2. Review of Anatomy of an Auction: Rare Books at Ruxley Lodge, 1919, by Arthur Freeman and Janet Ing Freeman, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 100, No. 2, April 1992; 433-6.

  3. "Symposium in Honor of Richard E. Quandt: An Introduction" (with Timothy F. Bresnahan), RAND Journal of Economics, Vol. 28, 1997; forthcoming.