Department of Economics
Université de Montréal
C.P 6128, succursale Centre-ville
Montréal, Qc, H3C 3J7
(514) 343-2395
Fax: (514) 343-5831

Born August 10, 1962.
Canadian citizen


Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Université de Montréal, 1995-present
Faculty Research Fellow, National Bureau of Economic Research, 1990-present.
Research Associate, Centre de recherche et développement en économique, 1992-present
Research Associate, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en analyse des organisations, 1994-present


National Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University, 1996-1997
Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Université de Montréal, 1992-1995.
Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Economics and Industrial Relations Section, Princeton University, 1991-1992.
Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1989-1992.


Ph.D.(Economics), Princeton University, October 1989.
M.A.(Economics), Queen's University, November 1985.
B.A.(Economics), Université Laval, June 1984.


  1. "Income Redistribution in Canada: Minimum Wages versus other Policy Instruments" (with Nicole Fortin) forthcoming in W.C. Riddell and F. St-Hilaire (eds.) Public Policies in a Labour Market in Transition, IRPP 1998. [26]

  2. "Adapting to Circumstances: The Evolution of Work, School, and Living Arrangements Among North American Youth" (with David Card) forthcoming in D. Blanchflower and R. Freeman (eds.) Youth Employment and Unemployment in Advanced Countries, NBER 1998 . [23]

  3. "Rank Regressions, Wage Distributions, and the Gender Gap" (with Nicole Fortin) forthcoming in the Journal of Human Resources, Winter 1998. [17]

  4. "Minimum Wages and Youth Employment in France and the United States" (with John Abowd, Francis Kramarz, and David Margolis) forthcoming in D. Blanchflower and R. Freeman (eds.) Youth Employment and Unemployment in Advanced Countries, NBER 1998. [18]

  5. "Recent Trends in the Economic Status of North American Youth" (with David Card), forthcoming in the 1997 Industrial Relations Research Association Proceedings. [25]

  6. "Changes in Wage Inequality in Canada and the United States: Do Unions Explain the Difference?" Industrial and Labor Relations Review 50, July 1997, pp. 629-651. [11]

  7. "Choix Occupationnels et offre de travail lorsque les salaires sont fonction du nombre d'heures de travail"(french version of "The Estimation of Occupational Choices when Wages Depend on Hours of Work"), forthcoming in Actualité Économique, 1997. [8]

  8. "Estimating the Effects of Unions on Wage Inequality in a Panel Data Model with Comparative Advantage and Non-Random Selection," forthcoming in the Journal of Labor Economics, 1998. [6]

  9. "Institutional Changes and Wage Inequality: Is there a Linkage?" (with Nicole Fortin), Journal of Economic Perspective, Spring 1997, pp. 75-96. [24]

  10. "Wage Dispersion, Returns to Skill, and Black-White Wage Differentials" (with David Card), Journal of Econometrics, Vol. 74, No. 2, October 1996, pp. 319-361.[9]

  11. "Labor Market Institutions and the Distribution of Wages: A Semi-Parametric Approach" (with John DiNardo and Nicole Fortin), Econometrica 64, September 1996, pp. 1001-1044. [10]

  12. "Le chômage des années 1980: que nous apprennent les comparaisons internationales?" (with Paul Beaudry) french version of "Unemployment in the 1980s: Learning from International Comparisons," Actualité Économique, September 1996, pp. 291-304. [21]

  13. "Labor Market Institutions and Gender Differences in Wage Inequality" (with Nicole Fortin), 1996 Industrial Relations Research Association Proceedings, pp. 28-36. [20]

  14. "Public versus Private Provision of Worker's Benefits: Are Spanish Underground Workers and American Uncovered Workers In the Same Situation?" (with Sara de la Rica), in R. Blank (ed.) Social Protection and Economic Flexibility: Is There a Tradeoff?, Chicago: University of Chicago Press for NBER, 1994, pp. 265-299. [4]

  15. "Changing Wage Structure and Black-White Wage Differentials: A Longitudinal Analysis," (with David Card) American Economic Review 84, May 1994, pp. 29-33. [15]

  16. "The Effect of Taxes on Labor Supply in the Underground Economy," (with B. Fortin and P. Fréchette) American Economic Review 84, March 1994. pp. 231-254. [2]

  17. "The Effects of Product Market Competition on Collective Bargaining Agreements: The Case of Foreign Competition in Canada," (with J. Abowd) Quarterly Journal of Economics 108, November 1993, pp. 983-1014. [3]

  18. "Unions and Wage Inequality in Canada and in the United States," in D. Card et R. Freeman (eds.) Small Differences that Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States, Chicago: University of Chicago Press for NBER, 1993, pp. 69-107. [5]

  19. "The Effects of International Trade on Collective Bargaining Outcomes: a Comparison of the United States and Canada,"(with John Abowd), in J.Abowd and R.Freeman eds. Immigration, Trade, and Labor Markets, Chicago: University of Chicago Press for NBER, 1991, pp. 343-367. [1]


  1. "Are Women's Wage Gains Men's Losses? A Distributional Test" (with Nicole Fortin), unpublished manuscript, March 1996. [22]

  2. "Changes in the Relative Structure of Wages and Employment: A Comparison of the United States, Canada, and France" (with David Card and Francis Kramarz) Princeton University NBER Working Paper No. 5487, March 1996. [16] (under submission)

  3. "The Determinants of Workplace Accidents: Micro-Data Results for Canada, 1987" (with Martine Marleau and François Vaillancourt) unpublished manuscript, January 1995. [19]

  4. "State Dependence and Unemployment Insurance," (with W. Bentley MacLeod), unpublished manuscript, March 1994. [12]

  5. "Alcohol, Marijuana, and American Youth: the Unintended Consequences of Government Regulation," (with John DiNardo), NBER Working Paper No. 4212, November 1992 [7] (under revision at the Journal of the American Statistical Association)

  6. "Job Mobility and Inter-Industry Wage Differentials," (with Robert Gibbons), unpublished manuscript, December 1991. [13]

  7. "Job Switchers, Dual Job Holders, and Union Wage Differences," unpublished manuscript, April 1991. [14]


"L'économie souterraine au Québec: mythes et réalités" (with Bernard Fortin, Gaétan Garneau, Guy Lacroix, and Claude Montmarquette), Québec: Presses de l'Université Laval, 1996.


  1. Review of "Aspect of Labour Market Behaviour: Essays in Honour of John Vanderkamp" edited by Louis N. Christofides, E. Kenneth Grant, and Robert Swidinski, Industrial and Labor Relations Review 50, January 1997, pp. 356-57.

  2. Review of "Differences and Changes in Wage Structures" edited by R. Freeman and L. Katz, Journal of Economic Literature 34, September 1996, pp. 1369-71.

  3. Comments on "Alternative Measures of Unemployment Based on Flow Data" by Stephen Jones and Craig Riddell, in the Proceedings of the CRIW/NBER Conference on Labor Measurement Issues, University of Chicago Press, 1997 forthcoming.

  4. Review of "The Economics of Earnings" by Polachek and Siebert, Industrial and Labor Relations Review 48, January 1995, pp. 362-363.

  5. "Comments on Gueron's and Rydén's Papers" in E. Reynolds (ed.) Income Security in Canada: Changing Needs, Changing Means, Montreal: IRPP, 1993, pp. 203-210.

  6. "Le chômage et le travail au noir," Policy Option / Options Politiques, July/August 1996, pp. 69-72.

  7. Introduction (in french) to the Canadian Economics Association 1994 Annuals (special issue of the Canadian Journal of Economics, June 1996).

  8. Co-organizer (with Paul Beaudry) of the workshop "Unemployment in the 1990s", CIRANO, July 10-21, 1995.

  9. Co-organizer (with Bentley MacLeod, Pierre-Yves Crémieux, and Marc Van Audenrode) of the 5th Canadian Labour Economics Conference, Université de Montréal, June 5-7 1995.


Université de Montréal: Graduate Labor Economics, Undergraduate Labor Economics, Undergraduate Income Distribution.
MIT: Graduate Labor Economics, Undergraduate Labor Economics, Undergraduate Thesis Seminar.
Princeton University (Teaching Assistant): Introductory Macroeconomics, Graduate Econometrics.


Minnesota Award 1996 (for the paper "Labor Market Institutions and the Distribution of Wages, 1973-1992: A Semi-Parametric Approach")
National Fellowship, Hoover Institution, 1996-1997.
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Graduate Scholarship, 1985-1989.
Québec Fonds FCAR Graduate Scholarship, 1985-1988.



Member of the Board of the Canadian Employment Research Forum, June 1992 - present.


Actualité Economique, American Economic Review, Annales d'économie et de statistiques, Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Public Policy, Econometrica, Economic Inquiry, Economic Journal, Economie et Prévision, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Industrial Relations, Journal of Economic Literature, Journal of Human Resources, Journal of International Economics, Journal of Labor Economics, Labour Economics, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, Review of Economic Studies, Rand Journal of Economics, Social Science Quarterly