David T. Ellwood
John F. Kennedy School of Government
79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Telephone: (617) 495-1121
22 Jefferson Rd.
Winchester, MA 01890
Telephone: (781) 721-7802
Ph.D., Economics, Harvard University, 1981.
Fields: Labor Economics, Public Finance
A.B., Summa Cum Laude, Economics, Harvard College, 1975.
Scott M. Black Professor of Political Economy, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
Lucius N. Littauer Professor of Political Economy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, 1998- 2003.
Director, Multidisciplinary Program in Inequality and Social Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, 1998-1999.
Malcolm Wiener Professor of Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, 1992-1998 (on leave 1993-1995).
Academic Dean (Dean of the Faculty), John F. Kennedy School of Government, 1992-1993, 1995-1997.
Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1993-1995.
Co-Director of the Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, 1992-1993.
Professor of Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, 1988-1992.
Associate Professor of Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, 1984-1988.
Assistant Professor of Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, 1980-1984.
Research Assistant, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1978-1980.
Teaching Fellow, Labor Economics, Harvard University, 1977-1979.
Research Assistant to Professor Martin S. Feldstein, Harvard University, 1974-1975, 1977.
Research Associate, University of California, San Francisco, Health Policy Program, 1975-1976.
Research Assistant to A. Mitchell Polinsky, Harvard University, 1974-1975.
Research Assistant, Committee on Costs and Benefits of Auto Air Emission Controls, National Bureau of Economic Research, Summer 1974.
Other Professional Activities:
Board of Directors, Abt Associates, 2001-present.
Director, Domestic Strategy Group, The Aspen Institute, 1998-2002.
Board of Directors, Malcolm Hewitt Wiener Foundation, 2000-present.
Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2000-present.
National Academy of Public Administration, 2000-present.
Member, Children's Roundtable, The Brookings Institution, 1999-present.
National Academy of Social Insurance, 1990-present.
Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1988-present.
Senior Research Affiliate, Joint Center for Poverty Research, Northwestern University/University of Chicago, 1997-present.
Review Panel Member, Work & Welfare Demonstration, Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 1985-present.
Advisory Board Member, The New Hope Project, 1998-present
Member, Advisory Board, Children’s Program, Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, 1989-1993.
Member, The National Forum on the Future of Children and Their Parents, National Research Council, 1988-1991.
Panel Member, Committee on the Status of Black Americans, National Academy of Sciences, 1986-1991.
Board of Overseers, Panel Study of Income Dynamics, 1986-1988.
Consultant, Mathematica Policy Research, 1985-1988.
Faculty Research Fellow, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1984-1988.
Consultant, SysteMetrics, 1984-1988.
Member, Task Force on Poverty and Welfare, Mario Cuomo, Governor, State of New York, 1986-1987.
Member, Project on the Welfare of Families, Bruce Babbitt, Governor, State of Arizona, 1986-1987.
Publications and Reports:
"Working with Welfare: The Transforming of US Social Policies," in Small Transformations: The Politics of Welfare Reform- East and West, edited by Janos Matyas Kovacs, Münster: Lit Verlag, 2003.
"From Research to Social Policy and Back Again: Translating Scholarship into Practice Through the Eyes of a Sometimes Scarred Veteran," prepared for “Connecting Policy Research and Practice,” The Social Policy Research and Evaluation Conference 2003, Wellington, New Zealand, April 2003.
"Whither Poverty in Great Britain and the United States? The Determinants of Changing Poverty and Whether Work Will Work," Forthcoming in Seeking a Premier League Economy edited by Richard Blundell, David Card, and Richard B. Freeman, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, forthcoming.
“Child Poverty in Britain and the United States”, with Richard Dickens, in The State of Working Britain, edited by Richard Dickens, Paul Gregg and Jonathan Wadsworth, York, UK: York Publishing, forthcoming.
“Child Poverty in Britain and the United States”, with Richard Dickens, forthcoming in The Economic Journal
“The Spread of Single-Parent Families in the United States Since 1960,” with Christopher Jencks prepared for “Public Policy and the Family” Conference, The Maxwell School, Syracuse University, October 2002.
Grow Faster Together or Grow Slowly Apart. Report of the Aspen Institute Domestic Strategy Group, principal author and staff director, Washington D.C.: The Aspen Institute, 2002.
"The Growing Differences in Family Structure: What Do We Know? Where Do We Look for Answers?" with Christopher Jencks, Kennedy School of Government Harvard University, Mimeo, 2002.
"The Clinton Legacy for America's Poor," with Rebecca Blank, in American Economic Policy in the 1990s, edited by Jeffrey A. Frankel and Peter R. Orszag, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002
"Thinking About Children in Time," with J. Lawrence Aber, in The Dynamics of Child Poverty in Industrialised Countries, edited by Bruce Bradbury, Stephen P. Jenkins, and John Micklewright, UNICEF, Cambridge University Press, 2001.
"The Sputtering Labor Force of the 21st Century. Can Social Policy Help?" in The Roaring Nineties: Can Full Employment Be Sustained?, edited by Alan Krueger and Robert Solow, New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2001.
“The Middle Class Parent Penalty: Child Benefits in the U.S. Tax Code,” with Jeffrey B. Liebman, in Tax Policy and the Economy, edited by James M. Poterba, Volume 15. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001.
"The Impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit and Social Policy Reforms On Work, Marriage, and Living Arrangements," National Tax Journal, Vol. LIII, No. 4, Part 2 and in Making Work Pay: The Earned Income Tax Credit and Its Impact on America's Families, edited by Bruce D. Meyer and Douglas Holtz-Eakin, New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2001.
“Public Service Employment and Mandatory Work: A Policy Whose Time Has Come and Gone and Come Again?”, with Elisabeth D. Welty, in Finding Jobs: Work and Welfare Reform, edited by Rebecca Blank and David Card, New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2001.
"Who Is Getting A College Education: Family Background and the Growing Gaps in Enrollment," with Thomas Kane, in Securing the Future edited, by Sheldon Danziger and Jane Waldfogel, New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2000.
A Working Nation? Workers, Work and Government in the New Economy, with Rebecca Blank, Joseph Blasi, Douglas Kruse, William Niskanen, and Karen Lynn-Dyson, New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2000.
“Winners and Losers in America: Taking the Measure of the New Economic Realities” in A Working Nation? Workers, Work and Government in the New Economy, ” edited by David T. Ellwood and Karen Lynn-Dyson, New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2000.
“Anti-Poverty Policy For Families in the Next Century: From Welfare to Work – and Worries,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 14, No. 1, Winter 2000.
"The Plight of the Working Poor," Children's Roundtable, The Brookings Institution, No. 2, November 1999.
"Growing Up, Growing Apart: The Divergent Paths to Adulthood in the United States," prepared for the Jacobs Foundation Conference on The Transition To Adulthood, Germany, October 1999.
“The Impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit and Other Social Policy Changes on Work and Marriage in the United States,” Australian Social Policy 1999/1.
“The Next Generation of Training and Mobility Strategies for Less Skilled Adult Workers: What Do We Know, What Could the Domestic Strategy Group Do?”, prepared for The Aspen Institute Conference, July 1999.
“From Welfare to Work,” CEDA Bulletin, Australia, March 1999.
“Discussion of ‘The Devolution Tortoise and the Centralization Hare’ (by John Kincaid),” New England Economic Review, May-June 1998.
“Dynamic Policy Making: an Insider’s Account of Reforming Welfare,” in The Dynamics of Modern Society: Policy, Poverty, and Welfare, edited by L. Leisering and R. Walker (Bristol: The Policy Press, 1998).
“Welfare Reform as I Knew It,” The American Prospect, Number 26, May-June 1996.
"Welfare to Work Through the Eyes of Children," with Julie Boatright Wilson and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, in Escape From Poverty, edited by P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Welfare Realities: From Rhetoric to Reform, with Mary Jo Bane. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994).
“The Changing Structure of American Families: The Bigger Family Planning Issue,” Journal of the American Planning Association, Volume 59, Number 1, Winter 1993.
“Major Issues in Time-Limited Welfare”, mimeo, December 1992.
“The Changing Structure of American Families: How Have They Changed, Why Have They Changed, And What Do the Changes Mean for Public Policy?,” prepared for U.S.-Japan Conference on the Family, 1992.
“Mr. Wilson's Neighborhoods? Review of Neighborhood Effects Papers", mimeo. 1992.
"Child Support Enforcement and Insurance: A Real Welfare Alternative", Mimeo, March 1992.
“The Impact of Poverty on Children,” Bulletin on the New York Academy of Medicine, January-February 1992, Volume 68, Number 1.
"Is American Business Working for the Poor?", with Mary Jo Bane in Harvard Business Review September‑October 1991.
"Next Steps for the Family," The Responsive Community: Rights and Responsibilities, Volume 1, Issue 2, Spring 1991.
"The Hazards of Work and Marriage: The Influence of Male Employment on Marriage Rates," with David T. Rodda, Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy Working Paper #H‑90‑5, March 1991.
"Medicaid Mysteries: Transitional Benefits, Medicaid Coverage, and Welfare Exits," Health Care Financing Review, 1990 Annual Supplement.
"The American Way of Aging: An Event History Analysis," with Thomas Kane in David A. Wise, editor, Issues in the Economics of Aging, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990).
"Ghetto Poverty: A Theoretical and Empirical Framework," with Paul A. Jargowsky, Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy, Working Paper #H‑90‑7, October 1990.
"Reducing Poverty by Replacing Welfare: Income Support Strategies for the Nineties", Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy Working Paper #H‑90‑10, September 1990.
"Family Change Among Black Americans: What Do We Know?", with Jonathan Crane in Journal of Economic Perspectives, Volume 4, No. 4, Fall 1990.
"The Origins of ‘Dependency’: Choices, Confidence, or Culture?," Focus Volume 12, No. 1, Spring and Summer 1989.
"One Fifth of the Nation's Children: Why Are They Poor," with Mary Jo Bane, Science, September 8, 1989.
Welfare Reform: What We Know and What We Don't, ed. with Phoebe Cottingham (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1989).
"Welfare in America ‑‑ Revise it, Reform it, or Replace it?" In Phoebe Cottingham and David T. Ellwood, eds., Welfare Reform: What We Know and What We Don't (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1989).
Poor Support: Poverty and the American Family, (New York: Basic Books, 1988).
Divide and Conquer: Responsible Security for American Families. Ford Foundation Project on Social Welfare and the American Future, Occasional Paper 1, (New York: Ford Foundation, 1987).
"Valuing the United States Income Support System for Single Mothers," prepared for December 1987 OECD Conference on Lone Parents.
"Understanding Dependency: Choices, Confidence or Culture," report prepared for the Office of Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, October, 1987.
"Poverty in America: Is Welfare the Answer or the Problem?" with Lawrence Summers, in The Public Interest, Number 3, Spring 1986, and in Sheldon Danziger and Daniel Weinberg, eds., Fighting Poverty: What Works and What Doesn't, (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986).
"Uncle Sam Wants You‑‑Sometimes: Military Enlistments & the Youth Labor Market," with David A. Wise. In David A. Wise, ed., Public Sector Payrolls, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987).
"Military Hiring and Youth Employment," with David A. Wise, in David A. Wise, ed., Public Sector Payrolls, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987).
"The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis: Are There Teenage Jobs Missing in the Ghetto?", in Richard Freeman and Harry J. Holzer, ed., The Black Youth Employment Crisis (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986).
"Slipping Into and Out of Poverty: The Dynamics of Spells," With Mary Jo Bane, National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper, 1983, published in Journal of Human Resources, Volume XXI, No.1, Winter 1986.
"Outside the Ghetto," The New Republic, October 8, 1986.
"Measuring Income: What Kind Should Be In", with Lawrence Summers, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Proceedings of the Conference on the Measurement of Noncash Benefits, Vol. 1, 1985; Harvard Institute for Economic Research Discussion Paper, May, 1986.
"The Impact of AFDC on Family Structure and Living Arrangements," with Mary Jo Bane, in Research in Labor Economics Volume 7, 1986.
Working Off Welfare: Prospects and Policies for Self‑Sufficiency of Female Family Heads," January, 1986.
"Targeting 'Would be' Long Term Recipients of AFDC", Department of Health & Human Services, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Princeton, NJ, January, 1986.
"Pensions and the Labor Market: A Starting Point," David A. Wise, editor, Pensions, Labor and Individual Choice, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985).
"Charles Murray: Did Robin Hood Ruin the Kingdom?", paper presented at American Public Welfare Association Conference, Washington, DC, May 1985.
"Single Mothers and Their Living Arrangements," with Mary Jo Bane, report prepared for the Office of Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1985.
"The Dynamics of Children's Living Arrangements," with Mary Jo Bane, report prepared for the Office of Planning and Evaluation, U.S., Department of Health and Human Services, 1985.
"The Summer Youth Program: Job Supplement or Displacement," with Jon Crane, Working Paper, March, 1984,
"The Dynamics of Dependence: The Routes to Self‑Sufficiency", with Mary Jo Bane, prepared for the Office of Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, June 1983.
"The Impact of Right‑to‑Work Laws on Union Organizing," with Glenn Fine, Journal of Political Economy, April 1987.
"The Hope for Self‑Support: Work and Poverty in Massachusetts," in Manuel Carballo and Mary Jo Bane, eds., The State and the Poor in the 1980s, (Boston: Auburn House, 1983).
"Youth Employment in the 1970s: The Changing Circumstances of Young Adults," with David A. Wise, in Richard Nelson and Felicity Skidmore, ed., American Families and the Economy: The High Costs of Living, (Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1983).
"Teenage Unemployment: Permanent Scars or Temporary Blemishes?" In Richard B. Freeman and David A. Wise, eds., The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes, and Consequences, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982).
"Teenage Unemployment: What's the Problem"? with Martin S. Feldstein in Richard B. Freeman and David A. Wise, eds., The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes, and Consequences, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982).
The Mismatch Hypothesis: Are There Teenage Jobs Missing in the Ghetto? Ph.D. dissertation, November 1981.
"A Reconciliation of Micro and Grouped Estimates of Housing Demands," with Mitchell Polinsky, Review of Economics and Statistics, May 1979).
A Comprehensive Review of Medicaid Eligibility, with Marilyn Rymer, Gene Oksman, and Lawrence Bailis, Westfield Press, 1981. Excerpts are also reprinted in Allen Spiegel, ed., The Medicaid Experience, (Aspen Systems Corporation, 1979).
"Evaluation of Medicaid Spend‑Down," with Marilyn Rymer, Warren Oksman, and Lawrence Bailis, in Allen Spiegel, ed., The Medicaid Experience, (Aspen Systems Corporation, 1979).
A Comprehensive, Review of Medicaid Eligibility, Volume II: Methodology For Estimating the Costs of Medicaid Eligibility Policy Changes, prepared for Health Care Financing Administration, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, under contract with Urban Systems Research and
Evaluation of Medicaid Spend‑Down, Volume IX: Spend‑Down Participation Rate, prepared for the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, under contract with Urban Systems Research and Engineering, 1976.
0p-Ed Pieces and Book Reviews:
"Welfare Reform in Name Only." The New York Times, July 22, 1996.
"If You Work, You Shouldn't Be Poor." The Washington Post, April 4, 1989.
Review of "Poverty Policy and Poverty Research: The Great Society and the Social Sciences,” by Robert H. Haveman in Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. XXVII, March 1989.
"Farewell to Welfare: A Working Solution." Los Angeles Times, July 31, 1988.
"From Welfare Reform to Replacing Welfare." The Boston Globe, July 31, 1988.
"Reforming Welfare: Treat the Causes, Not the Symptoms." New York Times, July 17, 1988.
"The Mystery of Unwed Motherhood." Los Angeles Times, February 1986.
Review of Marilyn Moon, editor, Economic Transfers in the U.S., in Journal of Economic Literature, 1986.
Selected Honors and Awards
Morris and Edna Zale Award for Outstanding Distinction in Scholarship and Public Service awarded at Stanford University.
George Kershaw Award of the Association of Public Policy Analysis and Management for Outstanding Contribution to Policy Analysis and Management by Someone under 40.
Poor Support was selected by the New York Times Book Review as one of the most notable books of 1988. It was chosen as the outstanding book in policy studies by the Policy Studies Organization.
Invited Faculty Member, Retreat of the U.S. House, Ways and Means Committee
Harvard University Lehman Fellow
Phi Beta Kappa