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NBER Working Papers and Publications
|December 2018||Racial Bias and In-group Bias in Judicial Decisions: Evidence from Virtual Reality Courtrooms|
with , : w25355
We shot videos of criminal trials using 3D Virtual Reality (VR) technology, prosecuted by actual prosecutors and defended by actual defense attorneys in an actual courtroom. This is the first paper that utilizes VR technology in a non-computer animated setting, which allows us to replace white defendants in the courtroom with individuals who have Middle Eastern or North African descent in a real-life environment. We alter only the race of the defendants in these trials, holding all activity in the courtroom constant, creating arguably perfect counterfactuals (http://proficient.ninja/splitscreen/). Law students, economics students, practicing lawyers and judges are randomly assigned to watch with VR headsets, the trials that differed only in defendants’ race. Background information obtai...
|March 2018||Quality of Judicial Institutions, Crimes, Misdemeanors, and Dishonesty|
with , : w24396
We investigate the extent to which perceived quality of judicial institutions has an impact on individuals’ propensity for criminal and dishonest behavior and on their views regarding the acceptability of dishonesty and law-breaking. We use micro data on residents of 25 European countries and employ alternative measures of judicial quality as perceived by the residents of these countries. As an instrument for perceived judicial quality we employ the procedures with which prosecutors and judges are appointed to their posts in each country. As alternative instruments, we employ an index of de jure institutional quality as well as its components, which provide similar results. The findings show that an increase in the perception of the quality of judicial institutions, such as an improvement ...
Published: Naci Mocan & Samantha Bielen & Wim Marneffe, 2019. "Quality of judicial institutions, crimes, misdemeanors, and dishonesty," European Journal of Political Economy, .