NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Julia Thornton Snider

Dept of Economics, Univ of Minnesota
4-101 Hanson Hall, 1925 4th St S
Minneapolis, MN 55455

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

April 2009A Theory of Outsourcing and Wage Decline
with Thomas J. Holmes: w14856
We develop a theory of outsourcing in which there is market power in one factor market (labor) and no market power in a second factor market (capital). There are two intermediate goods: one labor-intensive and the other capital-intensive. We show there is always outsourcing in the market allocation when a friction limiting outsourcing is not too big. The key factor underlying the result is that labor demand is more elastic, the greater the labor share. Integrated plants pay higher wages than the specialist producers of labor-intensive intermediates. We derive conditions under which there are multiple equilibria that vary in the degree of outsourcing. Across these equilibria, wages are lower the greater the degree of outsourcing. Wages fall when outsourcing increases in response to a decli...

Published: 5 "A Theory of Outsourcing and Wage Decline." American Economic Journal: Microeconomics , 3(2), May 2011: 38–59, with Julia Thornton Snider

 
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