Jonathan T. Schellenberg
University of California at Berkeley
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|October 2017||Do Parents Value School Effectiveness?|
with Atila Abdulkadiroglu, Parag A. Pathak, Christopher R. Walters: w23912
School choice may lead to improvements in school productivity if parents' choices reward effective schools and punish ineffective ones. This mechanism requires parents to choose schools based on causal effectiveness rather than peer characteristics. We study relationships among parent preferences, peer quality, and causal effects on outcomes for applicants to New York City's centralized high school assignment mechanism. We use applicants' rank-ordered choice lists to measure preferences and to construct selection-corrected estimates of treatment effects on test scores and high school graduation. We also estimate impacts on college attendance and college quality. Parents prefer schools that enroll high-achieving peers, and these schools generate larger improvements in short- and long-run st...