Research Institute of Economics and Management
Southwestern University of Finance and Economics
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|April 2013||Race-Specific Agglomeration Economies: Social Distance and the Black-White Wage Gap|
with Elizabeth Ananat, Stephen L. Ross: w18933
We present evidence that benefits from agglomeration concentrate within race. Cross-sectionally, the black-white wage gap increases by 2.5% for every million-person increase in urban population. Within cities, controlling for unobservable productivity through residential-tract-by-demographic indicators, blacks’ wages respond less than whites’ to surrounding economic activity. Individual wage returns to nearby employment density and human capital rise with the share of same-race workers. Manufacturing firms’ productivity rises with nearby activity only when they match nearby firms racially. Weaker cross-race interpersonal interactions are a plausible mechanism, as blacks in all-white workplaces report less closeness to whites than do even whites in all-nonwhite workplaces.