Department of Economics
University of Sheffield
9 Mappin St
Sheffield S1 4DT
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|September 2014||Fertility and Financial Development: Evidence from U.S. Counties in the 19th Century|
with Alberto Basso, Howard Bodenhorn: w20491
The old-age security hypothesis establishes that one important reason why parents have a large offspring is to ensure that they will receive financial support from them in old age. In this paper we use data on fertility and financial development in 19th century U.S. to indirectly test this theory. In particular, we explore whether more developed local financial markets reduce the incentives for families to have a large offspring. After controlling for several factors likely to create cross-county variation in fertility levels and for potential spatial correlation, we find that the presence of a bank and the degree of financial development in a given county are strongly associated with lower children-to-women ratios. We find compelling evidence for the old-age security hypothesis.
|May 2010||Financial Development and City Growth: Evidence from Northeastern American Cities, 1790-1870|
with Howard Bodenhorn: w15997
In this paper we argue that in 19th century U.S, households and firms that were located in cities with banks enjoyed a higher level of both consumption and production amenities than those who were located in cities without banks. We use data on banks location and city population growth in the Northeastern United States in 1830-1870 and document a positive and strong correlation between financial development and subsequent population growth. The correlation is robust to controls for geographical characteristics of the city, the percentage of population working in different sectors, and its initial population. Propensity score matching estimators that compare similar cities in terms of observables also yield a positive association between finance and urban growth. Our estimates suggest that ...