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NBER Working Papers and Publications
|June 2018||Does Prenatal WIC Participation Improve Child Outcomes?|
with Janet Currie, Lyudmyla Sonchak: w24691
Large literatures document positive effects of WIC on birth outcomes, and separately connect health at birth and future outcomes. But little research investigates the link between prenatal WIC participation and childhood outcomes. We explore this question using a unique data set from South Carolina which links administrative birth, Medicaid, and education records. We find that relative to their siblings, prenatal WIC participants have a lower incidence of ADHD and other common childhood mental health conditions and of grade repetition. These findings demonstrate that a “WIC start” results in persistent improvements in child outcomes across a range of domains.
|October 2017||Exploding Asthma and ADHD Caseloads: The Role of Medicaid Managed Care|
with Janet Currie, Lyudmyla Sonchak: w23983
In the U.S., nearly 11% of school-age children have been diagnosed with ADHD, and approximately 10% of children suffer from asthma. In the last decade, the number of children diagnosed with these conditions has inexplicably been on the rise. This increase has been concentrated in the Medicaid caseload nationwide. One of the most striking changes in Medicaid has been the transition from fee-for-service (FFS) reimbursement to Medicaid managed care (MMC), which had taken place in 80% of states by 2016. Using Medicaid claims from South Carolina, we show that this change contributed to the increase in asthma and ADHD caseloads. Empirically, we rely on variation in MMC enrollment due to a change in the “default” Medicaid plan from FFS to MMC, and on rich panel data that allow us to follow the sa...
Published: Anna Chorniy & Janet Currie & Lyudmyla Sonchak, 2018. "Exploding Asthma and ADHD Caseloads: The Role of Medicaid Managed Care," Journal of Health Economics, . citation courtesy of