Social Welfare Expenditures in the United States and the Nordic Countries: 1900-2003
NBER Working Paper No. 15982
---- Acknowledgements ----
Many thanks to Riitta Hjerppe for asking me to write the paper and inviting me to participate in the pre-conference in Helsinki in May 2009 and to participate in the session. I received very helpful comments on the paper from Riitta Hjerppe, Reino Hjerppe, Susanna Fellman, Edward Kubu, Naomi Lamoreaux, Christopher Lloyd, Paul Rhode, Pamela Slaten, Han Sjogren, Jeroen Touwen, Mark Walker, and John Wallis. Brendan Livingston and Jonathan Fox shared data that they had developed with me. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.