Energy, the Environment, and Technological Change
---- Acknowledgements -----
This paper was prepared for the forthcoming Handbook of Economics of Technical Change. In preparing this review, the authors draw heavily on earlier joint work with Robert Stavins, William Pizer, and Kenneth Gillingham. We thank them for those contributions and for all that we have learned from them. Thanks to Jung Eun Kim and Kelly Bogart for their assistance preparing this manuscript. Finally, we thank Bronwyn Hall, Reyer Gerlagh, and Nick Johnstone for helpful comments on an earlier version of this chapter. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.