NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Margins of Multinational Labor Substitution

Marc-Andreas Muendler, Sascha O. Becker

NBER Working Paper No. 14776
Issued in March 2009

---- Acknowledgements -----

This working paper is a substantively revised version of the previously circulated CESifo Working Paper 1713 (May 2006). We thank Xiaohong Chen, Peter Egger, Gordon Hanson, Sebastian Kessing, Steve Redding, Deborah Swenson, Hal White and participants at various seminars and conferences for insightful suggestions. We thank Karolina Ekholm for wage data on Swedish MNEs, and Steve Redding for sharing code to compute market access statistics. Jennifer Poole, Robert Jäckle, Nadine Gröpl, Daniel Klein and Ming Zeng provided excellent research assistance. We gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Volkswagen Stiftung under grant 79366 and administrative and financial support from the Ifo Institute. Becker also gratefully acknowledges financial support from the Fritz Thyssen Stiftung. A comprehensive empirical supplement with results for numerous alternative specifications is available at URL econ.ucsd.edu/muendler. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.

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