02673cam a22002777 4500001000600000003000500006005001700011008004100028100002500069245015400094260006600248490005100314500001700365520147700382530006101859538007201920538003601992690007702028690005702105700002202162700002002184710004202204830008602246856003702332856002602369t0299NBER20140712032811.0140712s2004 mau||||fs|||| 000 0 eng d1 aAndrews, Donald W.K.10aOptimal Invariant Similar Tests for Instrumental Variables Regressionh[electronic resource] /cDonald W.K. Andrews, Marcelo Moreira, James H. Stock. aCambridge, Mass.bNational Bureau of Economic Researchc2004.1 aNBER technical working paper seriesvno. t0299 aAugust 2004.3 aThis paper considers tests of the parameter on endogenous variables in an instrumental variables regression model. The focus is on determining tests that have certain optimal power properties. We start by considering a model with normally distributed errors and known error covariance matrix. We consider tests that are similar and satisfy a natural rotational invariance condition. We determine tests that maximize weighted average power (WAP) for arbitrary weight functions among invariant similar tests. Such tests include point optimal (PO) invariant similar tests. The results yield the power envelope for invariant similar tests. This allows one to assess and compare the power properties of existing tests, such as the Anderson-Rubin, Lagrange multiplier (LM), and conditional likelihood ratio (CLR) tests, and new optimal WAP and PO invariant similar tests. We find that the CLR test is quite close to being uniformly most powerful invariant among a class of two-sided tests. A new unconditional test, P*, also is found to have this property. For one-sided alternatives, no test achieves the invariant power envelope, but a new test. the one-sided CLR test. is found to be fairly close. The finite sample results of the paper are extended to the case of unknown error covariance matrix and possibly non-normal errors via weak instrument asymptotics. Strong instrument asymptotic results also are provided because we seek tests that perform well under both weak and aHardcopy version available to institutional subscribers. aSystem requirements: Adobe [Acrobat] Reader required for PDF files. aMode of access: World Wide Web. 7aC12 - Hypothesis Testing: General2Journal of Economic Literature class. 7aC30 - General2Journal of Economic Literature class.1 aMoreira, Marcelo.1 aStock, James H.2 aNational Bureau of Economic Research. 0aTechnical Working Paper Series (National Bureau of Economic Research)vno. t0299.4 uhttp://www.nber.org/papers/t0299 uurn:doi:10.3386/t0299