NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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18 September 2014

The Distributional Effects of Head Start

Marianne Bitler, Hilary Hoynes, and Thurston Domina analyze data from the Head Start Impact Study, the first national randomized experiment designed to evaluate this program. They find large gains in cognitive achievement during the pre-school period, with the largest gains at the bottom of the distribution.

17 September 2014

Tax Rate Forecasts from the Tax-Exempt Bond Market

Using high-frequency bond data from the periods around the 1992 and 2000 presidential elections, Lorenz Kueng finds that financial markets are remarkably successful in forecasting future tax rate changes in both the short and the long term.

16 September 2014

Raising Enrollment Rates for At-Risk Youth

Philip Oreopoulos, Robert Brown, and Adam Lavecchia study the effects of Toronto's Pathways to Education program, a comprehensive youth support program designed to improve academic outcomes for high school students from poor socio-economic backgrounds. They find sharp increases in high school graduation and post-secondary enrollment rates, sometimes as large as 50 percent.

15 September 2014

Rising Cross-Firm Wage Inequality

Erling Barth, Alex Bryson, James Davis, and Richard Freeman find that much of the increase in earnings inequality between 1970 and 2010 was due to increased dispersion of the earnings among the establishments where individuals work, not between different workers within each establishment.
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