NBER Help: Working Papers

How to purchase individual papers

If you are not eligible for instant downloads, you may purchase individual NBER Working Papers in hardcopy or PDF format for a nominal charge. Hard copies are available only for very recent papers*. We currently charge $5 (US) for each PDF downloaded or emailed, and $10 for each hard copy sent by mail. There is an additional $10 charge per order for papers that need to be sent by international mail.

OnLine Orders:

You can order Working Papers on the NBER Web site with Visa, MasterCard, or American Express.

    If you know the number of the Working Paper you wish to order, simply go to where 'nnnn' is the number of the Working Paper you wish to download. Technical Papers use a 'T' in place of the 'W' in the address, and Historical Papers use an 'H'.
    If you do not know the number of the Working Paper, you may search for it at
    Once you have found the bibliographic entry of the Working Paper you wish to download, you will see an 'Add to order basket' button. Click on that button, and you can then order the paper(s) in either hard copy or electronic version. Hard copy versions are sent by mail, and Electronic copies can either be downloaded or sent my email.
    You must now complete and submit the order form.
    After the order is executed, the papers are available to your browser for as long as the current browser session lasts. After the browser is closed, you can use the special URLs in your invoice to download the files again or to another computer, should that be required. The invoice should be in your email inbox without delay.

Ordering by Mail, Email, or Phone:

Payment can be made by check or credit card (Visa, MasterCard, American Express). Checks should be made payable to the NBER and must be in dollars drawn on a U.S. bank.

Be sure to include:

    Working Paper number(s). (If you do not know the number of a Working Paper, you can find it at
    The preferred format for each paper -- hard copy, email, or download.
    Your mailing address, email address and telephone number.

Mail your orders to:

Publications Department
National Bureau of Economic Research
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138-5398
Phone 617-868-3900

* Papers over one years old are generally not available in hard copy. If you have any questions regarding availibility of papers or ordering procedures, e-mail us at or call 617-868-3900.

Working Papers Technical Support
Questions and comments about our web site are always welcome.
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