<html xmlns:o="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" xmlns:w="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40"> <head> <meta http-equiv=Content-Type content="text/html; charset=windows-1252"> <meta name=ProgId content=Word.Document> <meta name=Generator content="Microsoft Word 9"> <meta name=Originator content="Microsoft Word 9"> <link rel=File-List href="./RobertGordon_files/filelist.xml"> <title>Thinking about Zvi</title> <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:DocumentProperties> <o:Author>bob gordon</o:Author> <o:Template>Normal</o:Template> <o:LastAuthor>cbeck</o:LastAuthor> <o:Revision>2</o:Revision> <o:TotalTime>2</o:TotalTime> <o:Created>2003-09-22T15:31:00Z</o:Created> <o:LastSaved>2003-09-22T15:31:00Z</o:LastSaved> <o:Pages>7</o:Pages> <o:Words>2115</o:Words> <o:Characters>12058</o:Characters> <o:Company>Northwestern University</o:Company> <o:Lines>100</o:Lines> <o:Paragraphs>24</o:Paragraphs> <o:CharactersWithSpaces>14808</o:CharactersWithSpaces> <o:Version>9.2720</o:Version> </o:DocumentProperties> </xml><![endif]--> <style> <!-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:"Palatino Linotype"; 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text-decoration:underline; text-underline:single;} @page Section1 {size:8.5in 11.0in; margin:1.0in 1.25in 1.0in 1.25in; mso-header-margin:.5in; mso-footer-margin:.5in; mso-even-footer:url("./RobertGordon_files/header.htm") ef1; mso-footer:url("./RobertGordon_files/header.htm") f1; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} /* List Definitions */ @list l0 {mso-list-id:2001809160; mso-list-type:hybrid; mso-list-template-ids:1761739980 930020214 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;} @list l0:level1 {mso-level-text:"\(%1\)"; mso-level-tab-stop:58.5pt; mso-level-number-position:left; margin-left:58.5pt; text-indent:-22.5pt;} @list l0:level2 {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower; mso-level-tab-stop:1.25in; mso-level-number-position:left; margin-left:1.25in; text-indent:-.25in;} ol {margin-bottom:0in;} ul {margin-bottom:0in;} --> </style> </head> <body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'> <div class=Section1> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:18.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>Thinking about Zvi<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:18.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><![if !supportEmptyParas]>&nbsp;<![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:18.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>Delivered to CRIW audience, 4-5:30pm in Bethesda, MD, Sept 20, 2003<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><![if !supportEmptyParas]>&nbsp;<![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><![if !supportEmptyParas]>&nbsp;<![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Almost four years after his death, this is my first real chance to write a memorial speech about Zvi.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>I ll talk about Zvi both in terms of his pervasive contributions to economics and also provide a few anecdotes relating his influence and interactions with me.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Zvi had no small ego.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He would have loved to be here to listen to us talk about him.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>In his last two years, between 1997 and 1999, he thought about the Nobel all the time.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>It was a tragedy that he did not win it, as he surely deserved to.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>It s enough to lead me to develop a new form of prejudice, being  anti-Swede. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Zvi s death was predicted more than a year in advance.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>No economist, and perhaps no one else, had more tributes paid to him in person over that last year than Zvi.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>A memorial dinner at that Italian restaurant behind the Charles hotel.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>A memorial conference at the Charles Hotel.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>One story, which I probably got from Ernie, is that Zvi actually had a chance to read his NYT obituary in advance, clearly a privilege that the rest of us should not anticipate.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>I came out of MIT PhD program, there from 1964 to 1967. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes"></span>Zvi was recruiting for the University of Chicago, which was then at its absolute peak of its stature, a true hotbed of <span style="mso-spacerun: yes"></span>innovation and influence, and they needed someone to teach a single graduate course,  macro public finance, Econ 362. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>So in the pits of winter, Julie and I traveled to the Univ of Chicago in January 1967, drove down the Dan Ryan, saw the hateful Robert Taylor homes, couldn t imagine actually moving to this hell-hole from beautiful Boston or turning down offers from places like serendipitous Stanford.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"></span>Yet Zvi was the magnet that got me to go there; the brainwaves were worth the sacrifice in living standards.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>It was just an amazing place in the late 1960s, and the flukey departure of Bob Mundell opened up to me the amazing role of being sole editor of the JPE for two years, 1970-72 while still a junior faculty member.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>In that generation, coming from MIT and going to Chicago, it is not surprising that there were three major figures who formed my view of an academic career.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>The first was Bob Solow, my thesis adviser.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He was the guru of elegant, clean, theory.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>That certainly did not rub off on me at all.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Later in life, I did messy emprics, not clean theory, but Bob Solow still remained a friend and constructive critic.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>#2 role model and mentor was Milton Friedman, whose famous workshop in the late 60s and early 1970s was the core of my intellectual excitement, as the friction between my MIT macro upbringing and Chicago monetarism spurred creativity.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>In my MIT-trained view, Milton combined obnoxious monetarism with simplistic econometrics.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>But I surely did learn at least two things from him, besides the creative juices flowing out of his workshop.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:58.5pt;text-indent:-22.5pt;line-height: 200%;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list 58.5pt'><![if !supportLists]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>(1)<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><![endif]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>Don t be shy.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>No economist ever had a greater ability in debating skills than Milton.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>I watched him give a 45 minute impromptu lunch talk, with no notes, just the man talking coherently with the entire outline of his talk in his head (a gift he shares with Larry Summers).<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>And many times I witnessed <span style="mso-spacerun: yes"></span>his famous ability to dictate a three-page single-spaced letter on a Dictaphone without a pause.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>That was inspiring.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:58.5pt;text-indent:-22.5pt;line-height: 200%;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list 58.5pt'><![if !supportLists]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>(2)<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><![endif]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>Milton s other lesson for me was how much you could influence the Washington policymakers without ever taking up a job in Washington.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>I followed that to the letter.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>I ve never had a single day in government employment, thanks to Milton.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>And the third influence was Zvi.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He hired me to come to Chicago, and then in summer 1968 he dropped in on my Harvard office to announce that he had decided to move one year later to Harvard from Chicago, only one year after I was about to move in the opposite direction.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>I tried to suppress my disappointment, but<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>I was shattered!<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"></span>Lured to Chicago by this magnetic man and then spurned like a rejected bride.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Why did he move?<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Two reasons.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>First was his restless curiosity; he felt that he had gotten as much economics and creativity out of the Chicago folks as he was going to get.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>The other reason was more significant and far-seeing, Zvi predicted that he would have better students at Harvard than at Chicago.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He turned out to be right, in part because of something he did not foresee in 1968 -- the NBER and his role in making the  Bureau <span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>the nation s research center in his own topic areas over the 20 years after 1978.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>We are here organizing conferences in Zvi s honor because of his contributions to economics.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He not only owned the production function, but with an awesome breadth.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He started with diffusion of hybrid corn, starting as an agricultural economist at Berkeley.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Then he introduced hedonic regressions into economics, soon was questioning the basic validity of George Jaszi s BEA (then OBE) output and input data, turned with Jorgenson to launch a devastating critique of Denison first sources of growth book  an enterprise about which Zvi was later apologetic and humble, that it was overstated and often wrong.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He was sufficiently annoyed with Denison s treatment of education and ability to start a whole new research topic in labor<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>economics on that issue.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>And then he went on and on into patents, R&amp;D, and kept coming back to measurement.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>His research interests made the careers of numerous economists.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-indent:.5in;line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>Oddly enough, my first professional paper after my PhD thesis tore apart the J-G 1967 Sources of Growth paper, making the basic point often associated with Tom Rymes, that you can t have capital deepening without technical change.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>It was also an old Evsey Domar point, that capital deepening without technical change would amount to  piling wooden ploughs on top of more wooden ploughs. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Zvi knew that Rymes and I were right about the folly of the 1967 Jorgenson-Griliches enterprise, in their assignment of most of growth to inputs rather than technical change, although Dale has not yet confessed his sins.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-indent:.5in;line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>What I learned from Zvi back then in the 1960s was the virtue and importance of owning a topic.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>My own research life is a pale shadow of his, but I have worked in his model, digging back into the same topics again and again, whether the time-series Phillips curve, cyclical movements in productivity, and aspects of that vast Zvi-inspired literature on measurement.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-indent:.5in;line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>So strongly do I believe in sticking to knitting as Zvi did, that at today s earlier session, our paper on CPI shelter bias over the past century echoed themes in my PhD thesis of 1967.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Zvi would not have approved if I d given up price measurement to dabble in something else.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-indent:.5in;line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>I think of Zvi and his ownership of the production function topic as if it were a river with tributaries.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He had the central conception of what economic research broadly, and measurement research more narrowly, was all about. The tributaries were those that he declared to be opon game for research, whether in labor economics, sources of growth, R&amp;D, micro organizational behavior, or whatever.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He made that research happen and made it respectable, both through his innumerable co-authorships and widespread influence.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-indent:.5in;line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>Those are my general comments, now some personal anecdotes.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>Zvi recruited me to come to Chicago in a most unusual way.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He was staying in Mike Bruno s apartment in Dec 1966 and invited me out to breakfast with him.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>I always claimed to him that this was our first meeting, but he, with his superior memory, remembered having met me in my father s office at Berkeley several years earlier, possibly in 1964 when he was working with Jorgenson on their joint papers.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>What a glorious year it was when we overlapped in 1968-69, before he left.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He had a particular fascination in that year with Erwin Diewert.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>I was humbled as Zvi made it his major life purpose in that year to  learn everything I can from Erwin. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>So much for me, but there were so many other reasons to be grateful for being there.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Not just Milton, and all the other future Nobels, but the unique social life that I ve never seen duplicated elsewhere.<span style='mso-tab-count: 1'> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Just as Milton dominated his workshop, so Zvi dominated the econometrics workshop, but in a very different way that will be familiar to many of you who have sat through workshop presentations with him.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He did not dominate the proceedings as Milton did, but rather asked mainly clarifying questions.<span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>The at the end, there would be silence and everyone would turn around to look at where Zvi was sitting, anticipating his final verdict.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>With a shrug of a shoulder, he could save a paper that was flawed by looking for directions of improvement.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He rarely let loose either unrestrained praise or outright condemnation.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Doubtless the biggest influence of Zvi on my life is probably unknown to anyone here.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>In 1975 he was aware that my wife Julie was having job problems at Chicago s pale imitation of MIT called IIT.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Zvi was then president of the Econometric Society and faced with the problem of replacing Charlotte and Joe Stiglitz, who were the somewhat unlikely couple who  ran the business side of the ES in those days.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Zvi saw Julie as the post-Charlotte figure who would save the Society.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Wow, did we save it.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Starting in 1975 when the Society had a negative net worth, we helped bring the Society to the strong financial health that it has enjoyed since the late 1970s.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Both Julie and I have always been grateful for the chance that Zvi gave us so long ago.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>There was a lull in our friendship in the 70s and 80s, he was thriving at Harvard, I moved from Chicago to Northwestern.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>All that time my book on durable goods prices was bubbling on the back burner.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Zvi didn t know what to do, whether to tell me to hurry up and finish it, or slow down and get it right.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>As an aside, there s no doubt who was the big positive influence on that book -- Jack Triplett, rarely was an adversarial relationship so constructive in the end.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>I just couldn t consider a chapter complete until Jack could tolerate it.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"></span>He has probably never heard me deliver such heartfelt thanks before.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>As everyone knows, Zvi was the king of gossip.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He was  gossip central long before the invention of e-mail.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>He expected me to be on top of gossip in my limited sphere of Chicago and Northwestern, and he was frustrated and upset with me when on a phone call I failed to give him some new gossip tidbit that he didn t know already.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Geez, Bob, how worthless can you be?<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>As a mentor, you didn t go to Zvi for ego-gratification.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>At some point in the mid-80s I reported to him, I think he was chair at Hvd at the time, that an obscure bunch of people had invented a way of hiring me to an obscure reseach post at Harvard.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Obviously, I was thrilled at the prospect.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Who wouldn t want to be at Harvard?<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Zvi s reaction which rings to this day in my ears was to dump on the entire prospect with the phrase:<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span> that s a bird in a very far bush. <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Now we get to the real friendship period, starting in 1993.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Why then?<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Because despite my well known techno-skepticism, the invention of e-mail changed my life completely.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Believe it or not, the first e-m I ever sent was to Zvi.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>The first e-m I ever received was from Zvi.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>It was in the tone of  you idiot, look how easy this is, look what you ve been missing all these years! <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Soon after <span style="mso-spacerun: yes"></span>the arrival of e-mail into my life in Aug 1993 came the Williamsburg conference on New Goods, which Tim and I organized in May 1994.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>I had planned the seating at dinner, making sure that Zvi was at the big round dinner table, and I asked, among other things, how am I so far as an e-mail companion??<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>He answered to my amazement, you are somewhat  curt. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Me, curt, when what I really am is long-winded.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"></span>Eventually, over the next six years of his life, he relented on that accusation.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Some people here may not know that Zvi was heavily influenced by Diane s activity of directing musical comedies in local community theaters.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>This brought Zvi together with me, since I am a big fan of musical comedies.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"></span>Knowing this, Zvi was at a Washington conference back about ten years ago and said,  I m going to Sondheim tonight, you wanna come along? <span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Good grief, God was speaking, of course I would come.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>The musical was  Merrily We Roll Along where the plot rolls backwards through time.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Speaking of musical comedies, one of my favorite moments in the annals of Zvi friendship involved the famous R&amp;H musical  Carousel, which had been revived in a much-admired production by the London National Theatre, and then it came to NYC.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>I happened to see it first, and raved about it to Uncle Zvi.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>Then he had his occasion to go with Diane to NYC, and they saw Carousel in the same space as I had, and, imagine the thrill that upon arriving back in Cambridge from NYC, Zvi hopped out of the taxicab, ran to his PC, and sent me an instant e-mail about how much he loved the production.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span>That was a big moment for me, <span style="mso-spacerun: yes"></span>that point when he wasn t a mentor, he wasn t an economist, he was my buddy, talking about  Carousel. <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Then came the end, I ll never forget the Berlin Hilton in August 1998, after endless difficulties hooking up to e-mail, and I received that devastating message from Ernie, that Zvi had been diagnosed with terminal pancreatic cancer.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Let me conclude with the last e-mail that Zvi sent to me on Sept 4 1999.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>----- Original Message ----- <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>From: &quot;Zvi Griliches&quot; &lt;<a href="mailto:grilic@kuznets.fas.harvard.edu">grilic@kuznets.fas.harvard.edu</a>&gt;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>To: &quot;Robert J. Gordon&quot; &lt;<a href="mailto:rjg@NWU.edu">rjg@NWU.edu</a>&gt;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>Sent: Saturday, September 04, 1999 2:43 PM<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>Subject: Re: ToY<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><![if !supportEmptyParas]>&nbsp;<![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'>&gt; Thanks for the good words. I have done an interview for JEP , with Alan<br> &gt; Krueger. Whether I'll write more remains to be seen. Right now the rate of<br> &gt; my mistakes in typing is increasing. Perhaps I'll use a tape recorder.<br> &gt; <br> &gt; We saw a good video last night: Tango By Carlos Saura. Very beautiful,<br> &gt; great dancing, and very mysterious and confusing. It is a film within a<br> &gt; film and the plot is difficult to figute out, with shifts of time and<br> &gt; points&nbsp; of view. But still worth it.<br> &gt; <br> &gt; I have been enjoying an old sound track, Pennies from Heaven. Nice and<br> &gt; silly songs from the thirties, eg My Baby said yes, yes..<br> &gt; <br> &gt; That is about the extent of my energy,<br> &gt; Take care, Zvi<br> &gt; <br> &gt; Zvi Griliches&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="mailto:grilic@kuznets.harvard.edu">grilic@kuznets.harvard.edu</a><br> &gt; Dept of Economics<br> &gt; Harvard University&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 617-495-2181<br> &gt; Cambridge, MA 02138&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 495-7730f&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <br> &gt;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='line-height:200%'><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Palatino Linotype"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> </div> </body> </html>