NBER Working Papers Involving Africa


    w22714 Poverty Traps and the Social Protection Paradox

    w22686 Borrowing Requirements, Credit Access, and Adverse Selection: Evidence from Kenya

    w22683 Occupational Choice in Early Industrializing Societies: Experimental Evidence on the Income and Health Effects of Industrial and Entrepreneurial Work

    w22656 The Labor Market Consequences of Refugee Supply Shocks

    w22626 Heterogeneous Wealth Dynamics: On the Roles of Risk and Ability

    w22622 Is The Mediterranean The New Rio Grande? US And EU Immigration Pressures In The Long Run

    w22595 Understanding and Misunderstanding Randomized Controlled Trials

    w22560 Africa's Prospects for Enjoying a Demographic Dividend

    w22534 The Persistent Power of Behavioral Change: Long-Run Impacts of Temporary Savings Subsidies for the Poor

    w22501 The Economic Impact of Universities: Evidence from Across the Globe

    w22463 Banking the Unbanked? Evidence From Three Countries

    w22417 Bride Price and Female Education

    w22409 Curse of Anonymity or Tyranny of Distance? The Impacts of Job-Search Support in Urban Ethiopia

    w22382 Does Mass Deworming Affect Child Nutrition? Meta-analysis, Cost-Effectiveness, and Statistical Power

    w22378 Cash for Carbon: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Payments for Ecosystem Services to Reduce Deforestation

    w22362 Global Service Efficiency and the Role of Special and Differential Based Negotiation

    w22355 Equity is Cheap for Large Financial Institutions: The International Evidence

    w22327 Management as a Technology?

    w22326 Individual Migration and Household Incomes

    w22314 Does Legalization Reduce Black Market Activity? Evidence from a Global Ivory Experiment and Elephant Poaching Data

    w22312 Can War Foster Cooperation?

    w22292 Experimental Evidence on the Demand for and Costs of Rural Electrification

    w22282 Adoption with Social Learning and Network Externalities

    w22235 Impacts and Determinants of Health Levels in Low-Income Countries

    w22216 Newer Need Not be Better: Evaluating the Penn World Tables and the World Development Indicators Using Nighttime Lights

    w22179 Nutrient Intake: A Cross-National Analysis of Trends and Economic Correlates

    w22111 The Billion Prices Project: Using Online Prices for Measurement and Research

    w22075 Global Energy Outlook 2015

    w22049 The Long Run Effects of Labor Migration on Human Capital Formation in Communities of Origin

    w21984 International Trade with Indirect Additivity

    w21949 Appliance Ownership and Aspirations among Electric Grid and Home Solar Households in Rural Kenya

    w21911 How Collateral Laws Shape Lending and Sectoral Activity

    w21910 Infrastructure, Incentives and Institutions

    w21907 The Influence of Ancestral Lifeways on Individual Economic Outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa

    w21901 Violence Against Women: A Cross-cultural Analysis for Africa

    w21894 Out of Africa: Human Capital Consequences of In Utero Conditions

    w21884 Cables, Sharks and Servers: Technology and the Geography of the Foreign Exchange Market

    w21874 How do Average Hours Worked Vary with Development? Cross-Country Evidence and Implications

    w21844 The Global Diffusion of Ideas


    w21825 The Personnel Economics of the State

    w21805 The International Monetary Fund: 70 Years of Reinvention

    w21798 The Evolution of Culture and Institutions: Evidence from the Kuba Kingdom

    w21753 The Dynamics of Comparative Advantage

    w21737 Self-Oriented Monetary Policy, Global Financial Markets and Excess Volatility of International Capital Flows

    w21715 How Strong are Ethnic Preferences?

    w21712 Host-MNC Relations in Resource-Rich Countries

    w21685 Asymmetry of Information within Family Networks

    w21683 Rosca Meets Formal Credit Market

    w21677 Comparative Advantage, International Trade, and Fertility

    w21663 Local Instruments, Global Extrapolation: External Validity of the Labor Supply-Fertility Local Average Treatment Effect

    w21661 The Coming Wave: Where Do Emerging Market Investors Put Their Money?

    w21646 The International Price System

    w21634 Insider Trading and Innovation

    w21623 Policies for a Better-fed World

    w21622 The Migration Response to Increasing Temperatures

    w21540 The Political Economy of Liberal Democracy

    w21537 Like Me, Buy Me: The Effect of Soft Power on Exports

    w21511 Missing Unmarried Women

    w21506 Islam, Inequality and Pre-Industrial Comparative Development

    w21505 Business Practices in Small Firms in Developing Countries

    w21488 Multilateral Trade Bargaining: A First Look at the GATT Bargaining Records

    w21447 Measuring the Measurement Error: A Method to Qualitatively Validate Survey Data

    w21440 Long Run Health Repercussions of Drought Shocks: Evidence from South African Homelands

    w21439 Who's Getting Globalized? The Size and Implications of Intra-national Trade Costs

    w21428 Worms at Work: Long-run Impacts of a Child Health Investment

    w21427 Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

    w21414 Technology Adoption Under Uncertainty: Take-Up and Subsequent Investment in Zambia

    w21411 The Contribution of Female Health to Economic Development

    w21388 What Measure of Inflation Should a Developing Country Central Bank Target?

    w21377 Growth and Trade with Frictions: A Structural Estimation Framework

    w21324 Governance and the Effectiveness of Public Health Subsidies

    w21310 The Returns to Microenterprise Support Among the Ultra-Poor: A Field Experiment in Post-War Uganda

    w21289 Can Employment Reduce Lawlessness and Rebellion? A Field Experiment with High-Risk Men in a Fragile State

    w21277 Biological Health Risks and Economic Development

    w21251 Linkages and Economic Development

    w21213 An Economic Rationale for the African Scramble: The Commercial Transition and the Commodity Price Boom of 1845-1885

    w21205 The Political Economy of Public Income Volatility: With an Application to the Resource Curse

    w21204 Reducing Crime and Violence: Experimental Evidence on Adult Noncognitive Investments in Liberia

    w21193 The Indigenous Roots of Representative Democracy

    w21174 Misperceiving Inequality

    w21148 When Should Governments Subsidize Health? The Case of Mass Deworming

    w21142 The Facts of Economic Growth

    w21139 Cofinancing in Environment and Development: Evidence from the Global Environment Facility

    w21136 How Modern Dictators Survive: An Informational Theory of the New Authoritarianism

    w21132 Networks and Manufacturing Firms in Africa: Results from a Randomized Field Experiment

    w21127 Redistribution and Group Participation: Comparative Experimental Evidence from Africa and the UK

    w21087 The Geography of Development: Evaluating Migration Restrictions and Coastal Flooding

    w21084 Aspire

    w21079 The Nature of Conflict

    w21068 The Impact of Financial Education for Youth in Ghana

    w21063 Decentralizing Education Resources: School Grants in Senegal

    w21036 Why Are Indian Children So Short?

    w21029 Stuck in the Middle? Structural Change and Productivity Growth in Botswana

    w21018 Toward an Understanding of Economic Growth in Africa: A Re-Interpretation of the Lewis Model

    w20997 How Does Health Promotion Work? Evidence From The Dirty Business of Eliminating Open Defecation

    w20989 Culture, Ethnicity and Diversity

    w20970 Capital Control Measures: A New Dataset

    w20946 Facilitating Savings for Agriculture: Field Experimental Evidence from Malawi

    w20885 Understanding Ethnic Identity in Africa: Evidence from the Implicit Association Test (IAT)

    w20857 News Shocks in Open Economies: Evidence from Giant Oil Discoveries

    w20842 Migration, Congestion Externalities, and the Evaluation of Spatial Investments

    w20822 Domestic and Multilateral Effects of Capital Controls in Emerging Markets

    w20821 Distinguishing Constraints on Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality


    w20799 Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Innovation: Evidence from TRIPS

    w20794 How's Life at Home? New Evidence on Marriage and the Set Point for Happiness

    w20791 Are the World's Poorest Being Left Behind?

    w20787 Universal Gravity

    w20784 Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya

    w20769 The Risky Capital of Emerging Markets

    w20766 The Rise and Decline of General Laws of Capitalism

    w20763 Medium-Term Health Impacts of Shocks Experienced In Utero and After Birth: Evidence from Detailed Geographic Information on War Exposure

    w20690 Exporting and Firm Performance: Evidence from a Randomized Trial

    w20685 Economic Development and the Effectiveness of Foreign Aid: A Historical Perspective

    w20605 Directed Giving: Evidence from an Inter-Household Transfer Experiment

    w20600 Saving for a (not so) Rainy Day: A Randomized Evaluation of Savings Groups in Mali

    w20598 Climate and Conflict

    w20586 Family Planning: Program Effects

    w20571 U.S. Investment in Global Bonds: As the Fed Pushes, Some EMEs Pull

    w20552 A Theory of Minimalist Democracy

    w20513 On the Ethnic Origins of African Development Chiefs and Pre-colonial Political Centralization

    w20469 Poor Quality Drugs and Global Trade: A Pilot Study

    w20465 Subsidies and the Persistence of Technology Adoption: Field Experimental Evidence from Mozambique

    w20438 The Agricultural Origins of Time Preference

    w20412 Making Progress on Foreign Aid

    w20389 Damming the Commons: An Empirical Analysis of International Cooperation and Conflict in Dam Location

    w20387 Self-Selection into Credit Markets: Evidence from Agriculture in Mali

    w20380 The Roots of Gender Inequality in Developing Countries

    w20357 The Economics of Fair Trade

    w20355 The Changing Face of World Oil Markets

    w20352 The Causal Effect of Environmental Catastrophe on Long-Run Economic Growth: Evidence From 6,700 Cyclones

    w20341 An Econometric Model of Link Formation with Degree Heterogeneity

    w20338 An Exploration of the International Comparison Program's New Global Economic Landscape

    w20336 Capital Market Financing, Firm Growth, Firm Size Distribution

    w20327 Barriers to Electrification for “Under Grid” Households in Rural Kenya

    w20294 Forward and Spot Exchange Rates in a Multi-currency World

    w20284 Improving Educational Outcomes in Developing Countries: Lessons from Rigorous Evaluations

    w20258 Beyond Zeroes and Ones: The Intensity and Dynamics of Civil Conflict

    w20244 Trying to Understand the PPPs in ICP2011: Why are the Results so Different?

    w20218 Seasonal Credit Constraints and Agricultural Labor Supply: Evidence from Zambia

    w20216 The Dictator's Inner Circle

    w20205 Informality and Development

    w20188 An African Growth Miracle?

    w20170 To Charge or Not to Charge: Evidence from a Health Products Experiment in Uganda

    w20139 Social Learning and Communication

    w20135 Financial Education and Access to Savings Accounts: Complements or Substitutes? Evidence from Ugandan Youth Clubs

    w20092 Indirect Rule and State Weakness in Africa: Sierra Leone in Comparative Perspective

    w20079 Evolving Comparative Advantage and the Impact of Climate Change in Agricultural Markets: Evidence from 1.7 Million Fields around the World

    w20077 What is driving the 'African Growth Miracle'?

    w20046 Host-Country Financial Development and Multinational Activity

    w20004 Democracy Does Cause Growth

    w20002 A Global View of Cross-Border Migration

    w19968 Exporters and Shocks: Dissecting the International Elasticity Puzzle

    w19963 Uncovered Equity Parity and Rebalancing in International Portfolios

    w19933 Institutions, Human Capital and Development

    w19929 Endogenous Co-residence and Program Incidence: South Africa's Old Age Pension

    w19887 Measuring the "World" Real Interest Rate

    w19863 Loose Knots: Strong versus Weak Commitments to Save for Education in Uganda

    w19848 Under the Thumb of History? Political Institutions and the Scope for Action

    w19825 Incentives, Selection and Productivity in Labor Markets: Evidence from Rural Malawi

    w19804 Public Goods, Hidden Income, and Tax Evasion: Some Nonstandard Results from the Warm-Glow Model

    w19791 For a Few Dollars More: Reserves and Growth in Times of Crises

    w19786 Political Risk Spreads


    w19756 Mitigating Long-run Health Effects of Drought: Evidence from South Africa

    w19755 The Nature and Incidence of Software Piracy: Evidence from Windows

    w19750 Culture and Institutions

    w19746 Democracy, Redistribution and Inequality

    w19745 A World of Cities: The Causes and Consequences of Urbanization in Poorer Countries

    w19739 China's Growth, Stability, and Use of International Reserves

    w19736 The Economic Cost of Global Fuel Subsidies

    w19725 Feeling the Heat: Temperature, Physiology & the Wealth of Nations

    w19702 After the Drought: The Impact of Microinsurance on Consumption Smoothing and Asset Protection

    w19683 Jobless Recoveries During Financial Crises: Is Inflation the Way Out?

    w19673 Reinventing the Wheel: The Economic Benefits of Wheeled Transportation in Early British Colonial West Africa

    w19657 Heterogeneous Technology Diffusion and Ricardian Trade Patterns

    w19632 Surprising Similarities: Recent Monetary Regimes of Small Economies

    w19631 When Ideas Trump Interests: Preferences, World Views, and Policy Innovations

    w19628 The Agricultural Productivity Gap

    w19621 The Impact of Headquarter and Subsidiary Locations on Multinationals' Effective Tax Rates

    w19607 Credit Constraints and the Racial Gap in Post-Secondary Education in South Africa

    w19603 Malaria and Early African Development: Evidence from the Sickle Cell Trait

    w19578 What Do We Learn from the Weather? The New Climate-Economy Literature

    w19575 Globalization, Democracy and Development

    w19533 Waste of Effort? International Environmental Agreements

    w19530 Food Price Spikes, Price Insulation and Poverty

    w19525 Digitization and the Contract Labor Market: A Research Agenda

    w19512 Development, Structure, and Transformation: Some Evidence on Comparative Economic Growth

    w19501 Addressing Global Environmental Externalities: Transaction Costs Considerations

    w19497 Banking Globalization, Transmission, and Monetary Policy Autonomy

    w19494 Transportation Choices and the Value of Statistical Life

    w19479 Girl Power: Cash Transfers and Adolescent Welfare. Evidence from a Cluster-Randomized Experiment in Malawi

    w19448 Living with the Trilemma Constraint: Relative Trilemma Policy Divergence, Crises, and Output Losses for Developing Countries

    w19426 Envirodevonomics: A Research Agenda for a Young Field

    w19415 Insolvency Resolution and the Missing High Yield Bond Markets

    w19402 Decentralization in Developing Economies

    w19398 The Value of Democracy: Evidence from Road Building in Kenya

    w19395 How do CEOs see their Role? Management Philosophy and Styles in Family and Non-Family Firms

    w19371 Commodity Trade and the Carry Trade: a Tale of Two Countries

    w19361 Long-Term Barriers to Economic Development

    w19346 Migration into the Welfare State: Tax and Migration Competition

    w19321 Autocracy, Democracy and Trade Policy

    w19312 Keeping the Doctor Away: Experimental Evidence on Investment in Preventative Health Products

    w19301 One Ring to Rule Them All? Globalization of Knowledge and Knowledge Creation

    w19291 Roads and the Real Exchange Rate

    w19280 International Health Economics

    w19264 Daily Needs, Income Targets and Labor Supply: Evidence from Kenya

    w19263 Barriers to Health and the Poverty Trap

    w19245 Disease Control, Demographic Change and Institutional Development in Africa

    w19227 Turning a Shove into a Nudge? A “Labeled Cash Transfer” for Education

    w19210 The Idea of Antipoverty Policy

    w19190 Real Estate Valuation, Current Account and Credit Growth Patterns, Before and After the 2008-9 Crisis

    w19128 Differential Fertility, Human Capital, and Development

    w19107 Mixed Method Evaluation of a Passive mHealth Sexual Information Texting Service in Uganda

    w19038 Capital Flows, Cross-Border Banking and Global Liquidity

    w19028 Isolated Capital Cities and Misgovernance: Theory and Evidence

    w18978 The Geography of Inter-State Resource Wars

    w18971 The Surprisingly Dire Situation of Children's Education in Rural West Africa: Results from the CREO Study in Guinea-Bissau (Comprehensive Review of Education Outcomes)

    w18970 Can Self-Help Groups Really Be "Self-Help"?

    w18967 The Global Energy Outlook

    w18966 Family Ties

    w18963 Fundamentals and Sovereign Risk of Emerging Markets

    w18957 Supply-Chain Trade: A Portrait of Global Patterns and Several Testable Hypotheses

    w18956 Assessing International Efficiency

    w18953 An Equilibrium Model of the African HIV/AIDS Epidemic

    w18946 Financial Development in 205 Economies, 1960 to 2010

    w18937 Growth in Regions

    w18934 Food Price Volatility and Domestic Stabilization Policies in Developing Countries

    w18932 Pay-for-Performance Incentives in Low- and Middle-Income Country Health Programs

    w18921 Economics versus Politics: Pitfalls of Policy Advice

    w18920 Quantifying Productivity Gains from Foreign Investment

    w18879 Why Do Emerging Markets Liberalize Capital Outflow Controls? Fiscal Versus Net Capital Flow Concerns

    w18874 From Boom to Bust: A Typology of Real Commodity Prices in the Long Run

    w18867 Financial Development and the Choice of Trade Partners

    w18851 Domestic Institutions as a Source of Comparative Advantage

    w18839 Nation Building

    w18837 Fire-sale FDI or Business as Usual?

    w18833 Estimating the Impact of Means-tested Subsidies under Treatment Externalities with Application to Anti-Malarial Bednets

    w18778 Profitability of Fertilizer: Experimental Evidence from Female Rice Farmers in Mali

    w18775 Multinational Firms and the Structure of International Trade

    w18770 Political Centralization in Pre-Colonial Africa

    w18738 Genetic Diversity and the Origins of Cultural Fragmentation

    w18733 Bank Regulation and Supervision in 180 Countries from 1999 to 2011

    w18722 The Transmission of Democracy: From the Village to the Nation-State

    w18699 Birthplace Diversity and Economic Prosperity

    w18697 History, Gravity and International Finance

    w18691 Chiefs: Elite Control of Civil Society and Economic Development in Sierra Leone

    w18683 Africa's (Dis)advantage: the Curse of Party Monopoly


    w18654 Catching Up and Falling Behind

    w18623 The Impact of Minimum Age of Employment Regulation on Child Labor and Schooling: Evidence from UNICEF MICS Countries

    w18600 When Is There a Strong Transfer Risk from the Sovereigns to the Corporates? Property Rights Gaps and CDS Spreads

    w18579 Tracing Value-added and Double Counting in Gross Exports

    w18566 Colonialism and Economic Development in Africa

    w18556 On the Link Between the Volatility and Skewness of Growth

    w18539 The Political Economy of Government Revenues in Post-Conflict Resource-Rich Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

    w18526 Capital Controls: Gates versus Walls

    w18512 Ethnic Inequality

    w18506 The Role of Technological Change in Green Growth

    w18490 The African Growth Miracle

    w18470 Germs, Social Networks and Growth

    w18463 Agricultural Decisions after Relaxing Credit and Risk Constraints

    w18438 Trade and Geography in the Origins and Spread of Islam

    w18425 How Is Power Shared In Africa?

    w18424 New Tools for the Analysis of Political Power in Africa

    w18401 Learning Through Noticing: Theory and Experimental Evidence in Farming

    w18380 On the Solvency of Nations: Cross-Country Evidence on the Dynamics of External Adjustment

    w18379 An Anatomy of Credit Booms and their Demise

    w18378 State vs Consumer Regulation: An Evaluation of Two Road Safety Interventions in Kenya

    w18371 Early-Life Health and Adult Circumstance in Developing Countries

    w18368 Healing the Wounds: Learning from Sierra Leone's Post-war Institutional Reforms

    w18360 The Asymmetric Effects of Financial Frictions

    w18354 A Theory of Political and Economic Cycles

    w18329 Debt- and Equity-Led Capital Flow Episodes

    w18325 Hoping to Win, Expected to Lose: Theory and Lessons on Micro Enterprise Development

    w18319 Marriage Institutions and Sibling Competition: Evidence from South Asia

    w18314 International Prices and Endogenous Quality

    w18307 Open Borders

    w18289 The Financial Sector in Burundi

    w18275 National Institutions and African Development: Evidence from Partitioned Ethnicities

    w18274 Time to Ship During Financial Crises

    w18268 Letter Grading Government Efficiency

    w18257 Cycles of Distrust: An Economic Model

    w18235 Pharmaceutical Innovation and Longevity Growth in 30 Developing and High-income Countries, 2000-2009

    w18226 Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and Reproductive Behavior in Zambia

    w18224 Pre-colonial Ethnic Institutions and Contemporary African Development

    w18221 The Spread of Manufacturing to the Periphery 1870-2007: Eight Stylized Facts

    w18219 Optimal Holdings of International Reserves: Self-Insurance against Sudden Stop

    w18207 Selection, Reallocation, and Spillover: Identifying the Sources of Gains from Multinational Production

    w18193 The Effect of Trade and Migration on Income

    w18186 Fragmentation and Trade in Value Added over Four Decades

    w18177 Finding Eldorado: Slavery and Long-run Development in Colombia

    w18175 Overcoming the Fear of Free Falling: Monetary Policy Graduation in Emerging Markets

    w18162 The European Origins of Economic Development

    w18143 The Dollar and its Discontents

    w18131 Skill Premium and Trade Puzzles: a Solution Linking Production and Preferences

    w18130 How Deep Are the Roots of Economic Development?

    w18126 Decentralisation in Africa and the Nature of Local Governments' Competition: Evidence from Benin

    w18120 Multinationals and the High Cash Holdings Puzzle

    w18119 Education and the Quality of Government

    w18118 Does Decentralization Facilitate Access to Poverty-Related Services? Evidence from Benin

    w18117 Democracy and Reforms: Evidence from a New Dataset

    w18115 The Effects of “Girl-Friendly” Schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT School Construction Program in Burkina Faso

    w18113 Why Trade Matters After All

    w18080 Family Ties, Inheritance Rights, and Successful Poverty Alleviation: Evidence from Ghana

    w18073 Counterfeit or Substandard? Assessing Price and Non-Price Signals of Drug Quality

    w18065 Revising Commitments: Field Evidence on the Adjustment of Prior Choices

    w18061 Comparative Advantage and the Welfare Impact of European Integration

    w18030 Misallocation, Property Rights, and Access to Finance: Evidence from Within and Across Africa

    w18016 Empowering Women Through Education: Evidence from Sierra Leone

    w18013 Resolving the African Financial Development Gap: Cross-Country Comparisons and a Within-Country Study of Kenya

    w17994 The World our Grandchildren Will Inherit: The Rights Revolution and Beyond

    w17981 How much do firms pay as bribes and what benefits do they get? Evidence from corruption cases worldwide

    w17961 The Rise of Middle Kingdoms: Emerging Economies in Global Trade

    w17943 Price Subsidies, Diagnostic Tests, and Targeting of Malaria Treatment: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial

    w17939 School Governance, Teacher Incentives, and Pupil-Teacher Ratios: Experimental Evidence from Kenyan Primary Schools

    w17905 The Macroeconomics of Microfinance

    w17902 An Exploration of Luxury Hotels in Tanzania

    w17883 You Can Pick Your Friends, But You Need to Watch Them: Loan Screening and Enforcement in a Referrals Field Experiment

    w17869 Culture and the Historical Process

    w17865 Stimulating Demand for AIDS Prevention: Lessons from the RESPECT Trial

    w17864 International Trade: Linking Micro and Macro

    w17851 Challenges in Banking the Rural Poor: Evidence from Kenya's Western Province

    w17840 Preferential Trade Agreements and the World Trade System: A Multilateralist View

    w17806 Trilemma Policy Convergence Patterns and Output Volatility

    w17801 The Sahel's Silent Maize Revolution: Analyzing Maize Productivity in Mali at the Farm-level

    w17799 Understanding the Democratic Transition in South Africa

    w17794 Aiding Conflict: The Impact of U.S. Food Aid on Civil War

    w17788 Investment and Growth in Rich and Poor Countries

    w17785 Alternative Cash Transfer Delivery Mechanisms: Impacts on Routine Preventative Health Clinic Visits in Burkina Faso

    w17770 Importing Corruption Culture from Overseas: Evidence from Corporate Tax Evasion in the United States

    w17764 Is Tanzania a Success Story? A Long Term Analysis

    w17759 Oil Prices, Exhaustible Resources, and Economic Growth

    w17758 Time as a Trade Barrier

    w17757 Economics and Climate Change: Integrated Assessment in a Multi-Region World

    w17747 How Will Energy Demand Develop in the Developing World?

    w17738 Education and Health: Insights from International Comparisons


    w17718 Rural Demography, Public Services and Land Rights in Africa: A Village-Level Analysis in Burkina Faso

    w17702 Women's Empowerment and Economic Development

    w17675 International Trade and Institutional Change

    w17672 The Economics and Politics of Women's Rights

    w17669 Sustainable Cooperation in Global Climate Policy: Specific Formulas and Emission Targets to Build on Copenhagen and Cancun

    w17656 The Contribution of Schooling in Development Accounting: Results from a Nonparametric Upper Bound

    w17650 Can the Doha Round be a Development Round? Setting a Place at the Table

    w17640 Cultural Diversity, Geographical Isolation, and the Origin of the Wealth of Nations

    w17631 Does Trade Globalization Induce or Inhibit Corporate Transparency? Unbundling the Growth Potential and Product Market Competition Channels

    w17620 The Long-Run Effects of the Scramble for Africa

    w17575 Temperature, Aggregate Risk, and Expected Returns

    w17554 School Resources and Educational Outcomes in Developing Countries: A Review of the Literature from 1990 to 2010

    w17551 The Stock of External Sovereign Debt: Can We Take the Data At 'Face Value'?

    w17549 On the Connection between Intertemporal and Intra-temporal Trades

    w17546 Unconditional Convergence

    w17544 The Contribution of Chinese FDI to Africa's Pre Crisis Growth Surge

    w17540 Estimates of the Social Cost of Carbon: Background and Results from the RICE-2011 Model

    w17513 A Forensic Analysis of Global Imbalances

    w17497 Role Reversal in Global Finance

    w17487 The Human Capital Stock: A Generalized Approach

    w17449 Credit Market Consequences of Improved Personal Identification: Field Experimental Evidence from Malawi

    w17415 Who Benefits from Regional Trade Agreements? The View from the Stock Market

    w17400 The Future of Economic Convergence

    w17398 Corruption in Developing Countries

    w17396 Sovereigns, Upstream Capital Flows and Global Imbalances

    w17377 The Effect of Interventions to Reduce Fertility on Economic Growth

    w17376 Embodied Carbon Tariffs

    w17362 International Reserves and the Global Financial Crisis

    w17357 Capital Flows, Push versus Pull Factors and the Global Financial Crisis

    w17354 Leverage Across Firms, Banks, and Countries

    w17351 Capital Flow Waves: Surges, Stops, Flight, and Retrenchment

    w17335 Country Size, International Trade, and Aggregate Fluctuations in Granular Economies

    w17278 Carry Trades and Risk

    w17275 Substitution Between Individual and Cultural Capital: Pre-Migration Labor Supply, Culture and US Labor Market Outcomes Among Immigrant Women

    w17271 Long-Term Barriers to the International Diffusion of Innovations

    w17258 Capital flows: Catalyst or Hindrance to economic takeoffs?

    w17255 Why Don't the Poor Save More? Evidence from Health Savings Experiments

    w17252 Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    w17249 China and India as Suppliers of Affordable Medicines to Developing Countries

    w17248 Prospective Analysis of a Wage Subsidy for Cape Town Youth

    w17228 Capital Flow Types, External Financing Needs, and Industrial Growth: 99 countries, 1991-2007

    w17216 The "Out of Africa" Hypothesis, Human Genetic Diversity, and Comparative Economic Development

    w17207 When is capital enough to get female microenterprises growing? Evidence from a randomized experiment in Ghana

    w17195 Policy Response to Pandemic Influenza: The Value of Collective Action

    w17184 Divide and Rule or the Rule of the Divided? Evidence from Africa

    w17175 Productivity Volatility and the Misallocation of Resources in Developing Economies

    w17165 Residential Rivalry and Constraints on the Availability of Child Labor

    w17158 Human Capital and Regional Development

    w17151 A General Equilibrium Model of Sovereign Default and Business Cycles

    w17143 Globalization, Structural Change and Productivity Growth

    w17132 Income, Democracy, and the Cunning of Reason

    w17129 Mobile Banking: The Impact of M-Pesa in Kenya

    w17121 Global Crises and Equity Market Contagion

    w17117 Trade and the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from International Freight Transport

    w17098 On the Origins of Gender Roles: Women and the Plough

    w17092 Incorporating Climate Uncertainty into Estimates of Climate Change Impacts, with Applications to U.S. and African Agriculture

    w17020 Remembering to Pay? Reminders vs. Financial Incentives for Loan Payments

    w17012 Reshaping Institutions: Evidence on Aid Impacts Using a Pre-Analysis Plan

    w17008 Sustainability and its Measurement

    w16966 Hither Thou Shalt Come, But No Further: Reply to "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation: Comment"

    w16964 Exporting Christianity: Governance and Doctrine in the Globalization of US Denominations

    w16952 Coups, Corporations, and Classified Information

    w16939 Education as Liberation?

    w16933 Happiness on Tap: Piped Water Adoption in Urban Morocco

    w16902 Discussion Sessions Coupled with Microfinancing May Enhance the Role of Women in Household Decision-Making in Burundi

    w16901 HIV Status and Labor Market Participation in South Africa

    w16890 Were the Nigerian Banking Reforms of 2005 A Success ... And for the Poor?

    w16854 Does Price Reveal Poor-Quality Drugs? Evidence from 17 Countries

    w16830 School Inputs, Household Substitution, and Test Scores

    w16821 The Unofficial Economy in Africa

    w16813 The Returns to the Brain Drain and Brain Circulation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Some Computations Using Data from Ghana

    w16778 A Global View of Productivity Growth in China

    w16774 Transition to FDI Openness: Reconciling Theory and Evidence

    w16736 Economic Impacts of Immigration: A Survey

    w16721 Mobile Money: The Economics of M-PESA

    w16699 How Agricultural Biotechnology Boosts Food Supply and Accomodates Biofuels

    w16677 U.S. International Equity Investment and Past and Prospective Returns

    w16661 Fifteen Years On: Household Incomes in South Africa


    w16654 Inflation Targeting

    w16646 The Wage Effects of Immigration and Emigration

    w16629 Unexploited Gains from International Diversification: Patterns of Portfolio Holdings Around the World

    w16623 AGOA Rules: The Intended and Unintended Consequences of Special Fabric Provisions

    w16616 New cellular networks in Malawi: Correlates of service rollout and network performance

    w16614 Cursed Resources? Political Conditions and Oil Market Outcomes

    w16610 The Determinants of Food Aid Provisions to Africa and the Developing World

    w16600 Unilateral Tariff Liberalisation

    w16597 African Export Successes: Surprises, Stylized Facts, and Explanations

    w16594 Health Shocks and Natural Resource Management: Evidence from Western Kenya

    w16572 Classification, Detection and Consequences of Data Error: Evidence from the Human Development Index

    w16571 Production Chains

    w16568 Valuing Identity

    w16559 Crisis "Shock Factors" and the Cross-Section of Global Equity Returns

    w16557 Firm Heterogeneity and Costly Trade: A New Estimation Strategy and Policy Experiments

    w16552 Cape Verde and Mozambique as Development Successes in West and Southern Africa

    w16548 A Note on Detecting Learning by Exporting

    w16519 Efficiency Advantages of Grandfathering in Rights-Based Fisheries Management

    w16512 The Economics of Cultural Transmission and Socialization

    w16481 The Decline and Rise of Agricultural Productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa Since 1961

    w16479 How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers?

    w16472 International Migration and Human Rights

    w16462 Government, Openness and Finance: Past and Present

    w16461 Understanding Transitory Rainfall Shocks, Economic Growth and Civil Conflict

    w16449 You've Earned It: Combining Field and Lab Experiments to Estimate the Impact of Human Capital on Social Preferences

    w16447 From the Great Moderation to the global crisis: Exchange market pressure in the 2000s

    w16445 An International Comparison of Capital Structure and Debt Maturity Choices

    w16441 Subjective Well-Being, Income, Economic Development and Growth

    w16440 Climate and Civil War: Is the Relationship Robust?

    w16426 Give Credit Where Credit Is Due: Tracing Value Added in Global Production Chains

    w16425 Recent Findings on Trade and Inequality

    w16415 Prosocial Spending and Well-Being: Cross-Cultural Evidence for a Psychological Universal

    w16390 Does a Leapfrogging Growth Strategy Raise Growth Rate? Some International Evidence

    w16368 Culture, Institutions and the Wealth of Nations

    w16352 Beyond GDP? Welfare across Countries and Time

    w16346 International Differences in Fiscal Policy During the Global Crisis

    w16317 The Value of Luminosity Data as a Proxy for Economic Statistics

    w16305 The Economics of Carbon Offsets

    w16301 Specialization: Pro- and Anti-globalizing, 1990-2002

    w16298 Short-Run Subsidies and Long-Run Adoption of New Health Products: Evidence from a Field Experiment

    w16293 Variation in Educational Outcomes and Policies across Countries and of Schools within Countries

    w16292 To Join or Not to Join? Factors Influencing Employee Share Plan Membership in a Multinational Corporation

    w16276 Protection Reduction and Diversion: PTAs and the Incidence of Antidumping Disputes

    w16253 Decomposing the Great Trade Collapse: Products, Prices, and Quantities in the 2008-2009 Crisis

    w16216 Law and Finance c. 1900

    w16214 Why Don't Issuers Choose IPO Auctions? The Complexity of Indirect Mechanisms

    w16203 An Integrated Assessment of Water Markets: Australia, Chile, China, South Africa and the USA

    w16196 Collective Action in Diverse Sierra Leone Communities

    w16171 The ABCDs of Health: Explaining the Reduction in AIDS in Uganda

    w16126 Privatization and Nationalization Cycles

    w16125 Monetary Policy in Emerging Markets: A Survey

    w16115 HIV and Fertility Revisited

    w16088 Trends in World Inequality in Life Span Since 1970

    w16084 Are Free Trade Agreements Contagious?

    w16069 Evaluating the Effects of Large Scale Health Interventions in Developing Countries: The Zambian Malaria Initiative

    w16047 Are Leading Indicators of Financial Crises Useful for Assessing Country Vulnerability? Evidence from the 2008-09 Global Crisis

    w16005 The Risk Content of Exports: A Portfolio View of International Trade

    w16001 Deals versus Rules: Policy Implementation Uncertainty and Why Firms Hate It

    w15981 Commercial Imperialism? Political Influence and Trade During the Cold War

    w15960 Borders, Ethnicity and Trade

    w15944 Theory, General Equilibrium and Political Economy in Development Economics

    w15893 Quantifying the Impact of Financial Development on Economic Development

    w15891 Understanding the mechanisms of economic development

    w15863 Agriculture, Roads, and Economic Development in Uganda

    w15856 The Politics of Monetary Policy

    w15836 The Natural Resource Curse: A Survey

    w15775 African Poverty is Falling...Much Faster than You Think!


    w15433 Parametric Estimations of the World Distribution of Income

    w15280 Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation and Property Rights Institutions

    w15199 Measuring Economic Growth from Outer Space

    w15168 Changing Research Perspectives on the Global Health Workforce

    w15131 Nudging Farmers to Use Fertilizer: Theory and Experimental Evidence from Kenya

    w15000 The Impact of the AIDS Pandemic on Health Services in Africa: Evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys

    w14998 Requiescat in Pace? The Consequences of High Priced Funerals in South Africa

    w14918 Ruggedness: The Blessing of Bad Geography in Africa

    w14801 Civil War

    w14783 The Slave Trade and the Origins of Mistrust in Africa

    w14707 Do Teenagers Respond to HIV Risk Information? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya

    w14693 Savings Constraints and Microenterprise Development: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya

    w14690 Instruments of development: Randomization in the tropics, and the search for the elusive keys to economic development

    w14637 Life (evaluation), HIV/AIDS, and Death in Africa


    w14603 Endogenous Presidentialism

    w14475 Peer Effects, Teacher Incentives, and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya

    w14467 The Experimental Approach to Development Economics

    w14456 Paying the Piper: The High Cost of Funerals in South Africa

    w14449 When Does Improving Health Raise GDP?

    w14448 Post-1500 Population Flows and the Long Run Determinants of Economic Growth and Inequality

    w14428 Health Capital and the Prenatal Environment: The Effect of Maternal Fasting During Pregnancy

    w14363 Can the West Save Africa?

    w14248 HIV and Fertility in Africa: First Evidence from Population Based Surveys

    w14132 Climate Change and Economic Growth: Evidence from the Last Half Century

    w14130 The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Investigation of the Settler Mortality Data

    w14095 Is There a Market for Voluntary Health Insurance in Developing Countries?

    w14050 Second-Best Institutions

    w14045 Does Trade Foster Contract Enforcement?

    w14039 Return Migration as a Channel of Brain Gain

    w14033 When Does Policy Reform Work? The Case of Central Bank Independence

    w14024 China's Growing Economic Activity in Africa

    w13838 The Cognitive Link Between Geography and Development: Iodine Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Tanzania

    w13765 Trade and Empire

    w13733 Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Learning from South Africa


    w13664 Scaling Up Malaria Control in Africa: An Economic and Epidemiological Assessment

    w13610 Routes of Infection: Exports and HIV Incidence in Sub-Saharan Africa

    w13541 Sex Differences in Obesity Rates in Poor Countries: Evidence from South Africa

    w13442 Labor Supply Responses to Large Social Transfers: Longitudinal Evidence from South Africa

    w13400 Aid Volatility and Poverty Traps

    w13396 "Conditional scholarships" for HIV/AIDS Health Workers: Educating and Retaining the Workforce to Provide Antiretroviral Treatment in Sub-Saharan Africa

    w13395 Realizing the Gains From Trade: Export Crops, Marketing Costs, and Poverty

    w13367 The Long-Term Effects of Africa's Slave Trades

    w13332 Profit Sharing Between Governments and Multinationals in Natural Resource Extraction: Evidence From a Firm-Level Panel

    w13317 Income, Aging, Health and Wellbeing Around the World: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll

    w13306 Wage and Productivity Premiums in Sub-Saharan Africa

    w13300 Many Children Left Behind? Textbooks and Test Scores in Kenya

    w13247 Can Higher Prices Stimulate Product Use? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Zambia

    w13222 Trade Growth under the African Growth and Opportunity Act

    w13167 Why Has Unemployment Risen in the New South Africa

    w13120 The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa: Benchmarking the Constraints

    w13084 Takeoffs

    w13070 Does Female Schooling Reduce Fertility? Evidence from Nigeria

    w13050 On the Rand: Determinants of the South African Exchange Rate

    w13049 HIV and Sexual Behavior Change: Why Not Africa?

    w13034 Bribery in Health Care in Peru and Uganda

    w12987 What Works in Fighting Diarrheal Diseases in Developing Countries? A Critical Review

    w12971 Will the Doha Round Lead to Preference Erosion?

    w12892 Africa's Lagging Demographic Transition: Evidence from Exogenous Impacts of Malaria Ecology and Agricultural Technology

    w12837 On the Determinants of Mortality Reductions in the Developing World


    w12760 South African Trade Policy Matters: Trade Performance and Trade Policy

    w12735 Global Patterns of Income and Health: Facts, Interpretations, and Policies

    w12657 Was the Wealth of Nations Determined in 1000 B.C.?

    w12610 Lost Decades: Lessons from Post-Independence Latin America for Today's Africa

    w12565 Understanding South Africa's Economic Puzzles

    w12418 When Knowledge is not Enough: HIV/AIDS Information and Risky Behavior in Botswana

    w12269 Disease and Development: The Effect of Life Expectancy on Economic Growth

    w12187 Debt Relief

    w12181 AIDS, "Reversal" of the Demographic Transition and Economic Development: Evidence from Africa

    w12108 Persistence of Power, Elites and Institutions

    w12038 Economic Transformation, Population Growth and the Long-Run World Income Distribution

    t0333 Using Randomization in Development Economics Research: A Toolkit


    w11905 What You Export Matters

    w11871 The Economic Impact of AIDS Treatment: Labor Supply in Western Kenya

    w11804 Market Structure, Outgrower contracs and Farm Output. Evidence from Cotton Reforms in Zambia

    w11513 Aid and Growth: What Does the Cross-Country Evidence Really Show?

    w11455 Accounting for the Effect of Health on Economic Growth

    w11384 Incomes in South Africa Since the Fall of Apartheid

    w11288 Advanced Purchase Commitments for a Malaria Vaccine: Estimating Costs and Effectiveness

    w11242 Ex Ante Carrots instead of Ex Post Sticks: Two Examples

    w11175 Globalization and Complementary Policies: Poverty Impacts in Rural Zambia

    w11048 Does Food Aid Harm the Poor? Household Evidence from Ethiopia


    w10991 The Gift of the Dying: The Tragedy of AIDS and the Welfare of Future African Generations

    w10985 Globalization and the Returns to Speaking English in South Africa

    w10971 Incentives to Learn

    w10750 Rule of Law, Democracy, Openness, and Income: Estimating the Interrelationships

    w10680 Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Policy in Europe

    w10566 Growth Accelerations

    w10498 Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Cote d'Ivoire: Social Norms, Separate Accounts and Consumption Choices

    w10481 Institutions as the Fundamental Cause of Long-Run Growth

    w10438 Which Countries Have State Religions?

    w10324 The Illusion of Sustainability

    w10265 Does Illiquidity Alter Child Labor and Schooling Decisions? Evidence from Household Responses to Anticipated Cash Transfers in South Africa

    w10230 Helping the Poor to Help Themselves: Debt Relief or Aid


    w10168 Competitive Liberalization and a US-SACU FTA

    w10136 Kleptocracy and Divide-and-Rule: A Model of Personal Rule

    w10088 Child Labor, Crop Shocks, and Credit Constraints

    w10020 Exporting Raises Productivity in Sub-Saharan African Manufacturing Plants

    w10015 Addicted to Dollars

    w9865 The Economic Tragedy of the XXth Century: Growth in Africa

    w9846 New Data, New doubts: A Comment on Burnside and Dollar's "Aid, Policies, and Growth" (2000)

    w9804 Addressing the Natural Resource Curse: An Illustration from Nigeria

    w9797 Outcome Versus Service Based Payment in Health Care: Lessons from African Traditional Healers

    w9671 Teacher Incentives

    w9668 Globalization and International Commodity Trade with Specific Reference to the West African Cocoa Producers

    w9659 Does Competition Encourage Credit Provision? Evidence from African Trade Credit Relationships

    w9490 Institutions Don't Rule: Direct Effects of Geography on Per Capita Income

    w9411 Fractionalization


    w9305 Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions over Geography and Integration in Economic Development

    w9213 Orphans in Africa

    w9124 Institutional Causes, Macroeconomic Symptoms: Volatility, Crises and Growth

    w9117 When Economic Reform Goes Wrong: Cashews in Mozambique

    w9106 Tropics, Germs, and Crops: How Endowments Influence Economic Development

    w8953 Odious Debt

    w8933 The World Distribution of Income (estimated from Individual Country Distributions)

    w8904 The Disturbing "Rise" of Global Income Inequality


    w8495 Does Money Protect Health Status? Evidence from South African Pensions

    w8481 Worms: Education and Health Externalities in Kenya

    w8460 Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution

    w8438 Does Direct Foreign Investment Affect Domestic Firms' Credit Constraints?

    w8390 Resource Curse or Debt Overhang?

    w8124 Demographic and Economic Pressure on Emigration Out of Africa

    w8119 Tropical Underdevelopment

    w8114 Institutions and Geography: Comment on Acemoglu, Johnson and Robinson (2000)


    w8061 Grandmothers and Granddaughters: Old Age Pension and Intra-household Allocation in South Africa

    w8018 Retrospective vs. Prospective Analyses of School Inputs: The Case of Flip Charts in Kenya

    w8003 Bank Runs and Banking Policies: Lessons for African Policymakers

    w7896 Outside Funding of Community Organizations: Benefiting or Displacing the Poor?

    w7771 The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation

    w7743 Savings and the Terms of Trade Under Borrowing Constraints

    w7717 Creating Markets for New Vaccines Part II: Design Issues

    w7399 Creating Markets for New Vaccines Part I: Rationale

    w7594 Public Policy and Extended Families: Evidence from South Africa

    w7541 The Growth Costs of Malaria

    w7530 Income-distribution Dynamics with Endogenous Fertility

    t0250 External Treatment Effects and Program Implementation Bias


    w7399 Does School Quality Matter? Returns to Education and the Characteristics of Schools in South Africa

    w7108 Do Corrupt Governments Receive Less Foreign Aid?

    w6942 Why Not Africa?


    w6849 Geography and Economic Development

    w6562 Trade Policy and Economic Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa



    w5674 Elephants

    w5572 Large Cash Transfers to the Elderly in South Africa


    w5398 Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth

    w5216 Disease Complementarities and the Evaluation of Public Health Interventions


    w4805 How Many Monies? A Genetic Approach to Finding Optimum Currency Areas


    w4488 Population Increase, Extralegal Appropriation, and the End of Colonialism


    w3947 The Rush to Free Trade in the Developing World: Why So Late? Why Now? Will it Last?


    w3727 Do the Benefits of Fixed Exchange Rates Outweigh Their Costs? The Franc Zone in Africa



    w3176 Pro-Competitive Effects of Trade Reform: Results from a CGE Model of Cameroon

    w2887 Developing Country Borrowing and Domestic Wealth


    w1574 Collective Pegging to a Single Currency: The West African Monetary Union


    w2335 Taxation and Output Growth: Evidence from African Countries

    w2220 Smuggler's Blues at the Central Bank: Lessons from Sudan

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