21 March 2017
Michael A. Clemens
, Ethan G. Lewis
, and Hannah M. Postel
find that the exclusion of almost half a million Mexican seasonal agricultural workers from the United States in the mid-1960s failed to raise wages or substantially increase employment for domestic workers in the sector. Farmers adopted less labor-intensive technologies, and shifted their crop mix, in response to this policy.
20 March 2017
In contrast to the East Asian experience, none of the recent growth accelerations in Latin America, Africa, or South Asia was driven by rapid industrialization, according to an analysis by Xinshen Diao
, Margaret McMillan
, and Dani Rodrik
. They were based on either rapid within-sector labor productivity growth (Latin America) or growth-increasing structural change (Africa), but rarely both at the same time.
17 March 2017
Justine S. Hastings
and Jesse M. Shapiro
study the spending patterns of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants. They estimate that the marginal propensity to consume SNAP-eligible food out of SNAP benefits is between 0.5 and 0.6, much higher than the propensity to consume such food out of cash income. The findings suggest that beneficiaries do not regard SNAP benefits as cash-equivalent.
16 March 2017
State requirements that students obtain a tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap) booster prior to middle school entry increased vaccine take-up by 29 percent and reduced whooping cough incidence in the population by 53 percent in a study by Christopher S. Carpenter
and Emily C. Lawler
15 March 2017
Price-linked subsidies in health insurance programs, in which subsidies depend on the prices set by competing insurers, weaken price competition, leading to higher markups and subsidy costs for the government, according to research by Sonia P. Jaffe
and Mark Shepard
. Price-linking increases prices by up to 5 percent.