13 January 2017
Increased in utero exposure to bombing activity on the naval practice range in Puerto Rico was associated with increases in extremely premature births, the incidence of congenital anomalies, and low APGAR scores in a study by Gustavo J. Bobonis
, Mark Stabile
, and Leonardo Tovar
12 January 2017
Using Office of Personnel Management data on the careers of millions of federal employees between 1988 and 2011, Alexander Bolton
, John M. de Figueiredo
, and David E. Lewis
find that the departure rate of senior career employees rises after presidential elections, particularly in agencies with divergent views relative to the new president and at the start of presidential terms.
11 January 2017
A study by David Berger
, Nicholas Turner
, and Eric Zwick
estimates that the First-Time Homebuyer Credit induced a cumulative increase in home sales of between 7.8 and 10.7 percent nationally. The program likely sped the process of reallocating homes from distressed sellers to new buyers, which stabilized house prices.
10 January 2017
For women born prior to the 1950s, employment increased from their 20s until their 40s, then hit a peak, and began declining when these individuals reached their 50s. According to research by Claudia Goldin
and Joshua Mitchell
, a new lifecycle of women’s employment emerged with cohorts born in the 1950s: initially high and flat, with a dip in middle-aged and a slow decline over a longer period than for older cohorts.
9 January 2017
Industrial clusters are promoted by Chinese policy and generally viewed as having increased growth and development, but Wyatt J. Brooks
, Joseph P. Kaboski
, and Yao Amber Li
find evidence of non-competitive pricing within some clusters. The level of non-competitive pricing is about four times higher in Chinese special economic zones than outside those zones.