5 May 2016
On average, undergraduate women are more attracted to jobs with greater work flexibility and job stability, while undergraduate men are drawn to jobs with higher earnings growth, according to research by Matthew Wiswall
and Basit Zafar
. Students in their sample perceive jobs offered to humanities majors to have more work-time flexibility and higher stability than jobs offered to economics and business majors.
4 May 2016
In 2002, the New England Journal of Medicine published results of a trial showing that a widely practiced surgery was ineffective in combatting a common form of arthritis in knees. Analyzing more than 500,000 knee operations in Florida in which the procedure was used, David H. Howard
, Guy David
, and Jason Hockenberry
find that use of the procedure after the trial declined less in physician-owned surgery centers than in hospitals.
3 May 2016
Before recent reforms, the design and decentralized, school-based scoring of New York's high school exit exams – the Regents Examinations – allowed systematic manipulation of test sores just below important proficiency cutoffs. Thomas S. Dee
, Will Dobbie
, Brian A. Jacob
, and Jonah Rockoff
estimate that teachers inflated approximately 40 percent of test scores near the proficiency cutoffs.
2 May 2016
Unemployment benefit extensions have only limited influence on state-level macroeconomic outcomes, a study by Gabriel Chodorow-Reich
and Loukas Karabarbounis
finds. Their estimates indicate that the increase in duration of benefits during the Great Recession increased the unemployment rate by at most 0.3 percentage points.
29 April 2016
Faculty with higher pay and greater research productivity are less supportive of unionization, a study by Joel Waldfogel
finds. After accounting for pay and productivity, faculty in fields that are documented elsewhere to have more politically liberal participants are also more likely to support unionization.